How The System Works — The Enneagram Institute
Directions of Integration (Growth) and Disintegration (Stress) . Each type results from a particular relationship with a cluster of issues that characterize that Center. . Strictly speaking, everyone has two wings—in the restricted sense that both of . Both directions can be shown on one Enneagram by eliminating the arrows. Dependency is a directed relationship which is used to show that some UML relates two elements representing the same concept but at different levels of Because the direction of the arrow goes opposite to what we would normally expect. There are three types of entities commonly used in entity relationship diagrams. relationships are used to document the interaction between two entities.
Again, we see the flexibility and dynamism of the Enneagram. This means that an average to unhealthy One under stress will eventually behave like an average to unhealthy Four; an average to unhealthy Four will act out their stress like an average to unhealthy Two; an average to unhealthy Two will act out under stress like an Eight, an Eight will act out under stress like a Five, a Five will act out like a Seven, and a Seven will act out like a One.
An easy way to remember the sequence is to realize that or 14 doubles to 28, and that doubles to 57—or almost so.
Thus, —and the sequence returns to 1 and begins again. Likewise, on the equilateral triangle, the sequence is You can remember this sequence if you think of the numerical values diminishing as the types become more stressed and reactive. For a longer explanation and examples, see Personality Types, You can see how this works by following the direction of the arrows on the following Enneagram. Each type moves toward integration in a direction that is the opposite of its unhealthy direction.
Thus, the sequence for the Direction of Integration is On the equilateral triangle, the sequence is The Direction of Integration Growth It is not necessary to have separate Enneagrams for the Direction of Integration and the Direction of Disintegration. Both directions can be shown on one Enneagram by eliminating the arrows and connecting the proper points with plain lines. To obtain a complete picture of yourself or of someone elseyou must take into consideration the basic type and wing as well as the two types in the Directions of Integration and Disintegration.
For example, no one is simply a personality type Two. Each of the types of the Enneagram symbolizes different important aspects of what we need to achieve this end. The personality type we begin life with is therefore less important ultimately than how well or badly we use our type as the beginning point for our self-development and self-realization.
We each are endowed with specific instinctual intelligences that are necessary for our survival as individuals and as a species. While we have all three Instincts in us, one of them is the dominant focus of our attention and behavior—the set of attitudes and values that we are most attracted to and comfortable with.
Dependency in UML
We each also have a second Instinct that is used to support the dominant Instinct, as well as a third Instinct that is the least developed—a real blind spot in our personality and our values. Thus, while every human being has all three of these instincts operating in him or her, our personality causes us to be more concerned with one of these instincts than the other two.
This tends to be our first priority—the area of life we attend to first. Further, our Enneagram type flavors the way in which we approach our dominant instinctual need. Combining our Enneagram type with our dominant instinct yields a much more specific portrait of the workings of our personality. When we apply the distinctions of these three instincts to the nine Enneagram types they create 27 unique combinations of type and dominant instinct that account for differences and variability within the types.
We call these combinations the Instinctual Variants. The following are brief descriptions of the three instincts: Self Preservation Instinct People who have this as their dominant instinct are preoccupied with the safety, comfort, health, energy, and well-being of the physical body.
Identification with the body is a fundamental focus for all humans, and we need our body to function well in order to be alive and active in the world.
Moreover, those primarily focused on self-preservation, by extension, are usually interested in maintaining these resources for others as well. Their focus of attention naturally goes towards things related to these areas such as clothes, temperature, shopping, decorating, and the like, particularly if they are not satisfied in these areas or have a feeling of deficiency due to their childhoods. Self-Pres types tend to be more grounded, practical, serious, and introverted than the other two instinctual types.
They might have active social lives and a satisfying intimate relationship, but if they feel that their self-preservation needs are not being met, still tend not to be happy or at ease.
Sexual types are immediately aware of the attraction, or lack thereof, between themselves and other people.
Further, while the basis of this instinct is related to sexuality, it is not necessarily about people engaging in the sexual act.
The sexual type is constantly moving toward that sense of intense stimulation and juicy energy in their relationships and in their activities. Sexual types need to have intense energetic charge in their primary relationships or else they remain unsatisfied.
They enjoy being intensely involved—even merged—with others, and can become disenchanted with partners who are unable to meet their need for intense energetic union. Thus, Social types are highly aware of other people, whether they are in intimate situations or in groups.
They are also aware of how their actions and attitudes are affecting those around them. Moreover, Sexual types seek intimacy, Social types seek personal connection: Social types are the most concerned with doing things that will have some impact on their community, or even broader domains.
They tend to be warmer, more open, engaging, and socially responsible than the other two types. In their primary relationships, they seek partners with whom they can share social activities, wanting their intimates to get involved in projects and events with them.
Paradoxically, they actually tend to avoid long periods of exclusive intimacy and quiet solitude, seeing both as potentially limiting.
Social types lose their sense of identity and meaning when they are not involved with others in activities that transcend their individual interests. As you do so, however, you might keep several points in mind.
You may be able to figure out the types of a few close friends rather quickly, or you may find it difficult to categorize people and not know where to begin.
Either state is normal. It is not always apparent which type someone is, and it takes time and study to sharpen your skills. Remember that you are like a beginning medical student who is learning to diagnose a wide variety of conditions, some healthy and some unhealthy.
You must learn which traits go with each type and observe how people manifest those traits. This is a subtle undertaking because there are many subtypes and quirks to each personality type.
Different types can sometimes seem similar, particularly if their motivations are not taken into account. This is why it is not sufficient to focus on a single trait in isolation and make a diagnosis based on it alone. Many elements must come together before you can be sure that you have typed someone accurately. Moreover, when we diagnose others, we are always on thinner ice than when we use the Enneagram to deepen our own self-knowledge.
It is, of course, more appropriate to apply this material to ourselves than to type others while we avoid looking at our own lives. Nevertheless, it is unrealistic to think that anything as interesting or as insightful as the Enneagram will not be used for better understanding others.
How the Enneagram System Works
In fact, we categorize people all the time. No one approaches others without some sort of mental categories. We automatically perceive people either as male or female, black or white, attractive or unattractive, good or bad, friend or enemy, and so forth. It is not only honest to be aware of this, it is useful to have more accurate and appropriate categories for everyone, including ourselves. Although the Enneagram is probably the most open-ended and dynamic of typologies, this does not imply that the Enneagram can say all there is to say about human beings.
Individuals are understandable only up to a certain point beyond which they remain mysterious and unpredictable. Thus, while there can be no simple explanations for persons, it is still possible to say something true about them.
In the last analysis, the Enneagram helps us to do that—and only that. The Enneagram is useful because it indicates with startling clarity certain constellations of meaning about something that is essentially beyond definition: For many years UML specifications provide contradictory example of the dependency shown below. The explanation for the Figure 7. In this case, the dependency is an instantiate dependency, where the Car class is an instance of the CarFactory class.
Car class has a dependency on the CarFactory class.
oop - Explanation of the UML arrows - Stack Overflow
CarFactory class depends on the Car class. This example in fact shows opposite to what UML specification states. CarFactory depends on the Car class. Car class could be defined without the knowledge of CarFactory class, but CarFactory requires Car for its definition because it produces Cars.
It is also wrong to say that " It is possible to have a set of elements for the client or supplier. The arrow head, if present, indicates the direction of the flow of information. The access relationship should not be confused with the UML dependency relationship, which uses a similar notation. Care must be taken when using access with derived relationships because the arrow on the relationship has no bearing to its directionality.
Access Notation Alternatively, an access relationship can be expressed by nesting the passive structure element inside the behavior or active structure element that accesses it; for example, nesting a data object inside an application component. The usual interpretation of an access relationship is that the whole of the target element is accessed by the source element.
This means that if, for example, the same internal behavior element accesses two passive structure elements, both of these passive structure elements are needed. If two passive structure elements are, for example, alternative information sources and only one of them is needed by the internal behavior element, an or junction see Section 5. Example Example 7 illustrates the access relationship. The influence relationship is used to describe that some architectural element influences achievement or implementation of a motivation element, such as a goal or a principle.
In general, a motivation element is realized to a certain degree. In other words, the principle contributes to the goal. This can be modeled as a requirement that has an influence on that principle, and as an application component that in turn influences the requirement. This kind of traceability supports measuring the results of Enterprise Architecture, and provides valuable information to, for example, change impact assessments.