In this lesson, students will explore how China's rapid rise as a force in the global Students will first discuss the influential Confucian teaching of filial piety ( respect for 5. Set up the clips by explaining that the Zhangs have two children, who have What roles do poverty and family relationships play in the willingness of. Confucianism is a philosophy and a doctrine of ethical and social conduct, based on the teachings of the great Chinese philosopher Confucius. His teachings. Confucianism is rooted in the belief that familial relationships are the foundation for society. The 5 key relationships are listed in the table below: Superior Using your own words, restate in one or two sentences the lesson. Confucius.
In addition, loyalty does not mean subservience to authority. This is because reciprocity is demanded from the superior as well. As Confucius stated "a prince should employ his minister according to the rules of propriety; ministers should serve their prince with faithfulness loyalty. If the ruler is evil, then the people have the right to overthrow him.
In later ages, however, emphasis was often placed more on the obligations of the ruled to the ruler, and less on the ruler's obligations to the ruled.5 relationships of confucianism
Like filial piety, loyalty was often subverted by the autocratic regimes in China. Nonetheless, throughout the ages, many Confucians continued to fight against unrighteous superiors and rulers. Many of these Confucians suffered and sometimes died because of their conviction and action. This may be true especially in times of social chaos, such as during the period of the Ming-Qing transition.
Filial piety In Confucian philosophy, filial piety Chinese: Filial piety is considered a key virtue in Chinese cultureand it is the main concern of a large number of stories.
These stories depict how children exercised their filial piety in the past.
While China has always had a diversity of religious beliefs, filial piety has been common to almost all of them; historian Hugh D. Baker calls respect for the family the only element common to almost all Chinese believers. Reciprocity or responsibility renqing extends beyond filial piety and involves the entire network of social relations, even the respect for rulers.
There is government, when the prince is prince, and the minister is minister; when the father is father, and the son is son.
Confucianism - Wikipedia
Analects XII, 11, tr. Legge Particular duties arise from one's particular situation in relation to others.
The individual stands simultaneously in several different relationships with different people: While juniors are considered in Confucianism to owe their seniors reverence, seniors also have duties of benevolence and concern toward juniors.
The same is true with the husband and wife relationship where the husband needs to show benevolence towards his wife and the wife needs to respect the husband in return. This theme of mutuality still exists in East Asian cultures even to this day. The Five Bonds are: Specific duties were prescribed to each of the participants in these sets of relationships.
Display the chart "Confucianism and Filial Piety. Read through the quotes one by one and ask students to interpret their meanings. Record student ideas to the right of each quote. How might defining family roles and responsibilities contribute to the Confucian goal of social harmony? Why do students think the belief in filial piety has been so important in Chinese culture over time? How do Confucian teachings compare with student ideas about filial piety 4.
Use a world map to point out where China is located. Explain that the traditional family in China is changing with the country's rapid industrialization. Today, China has more than million workers who migrate to jobs in urban areas so they can support their families back home.
Tell students that they are going to watch a series of video clips that show the circumstances of the Zhang family, whose story is representative of millions of others.
Set up the clips by explaining that the Zhangs have two children, who have been raised in the family's home village in Sichuan province while the parents work together in a garment factory in Guangzhou, a city in Guangdong province. Use a political map of China to show the class where these areas are located. Point out that there are about 1, miles between where the parents live and where the children live. Explain that children are unable to migrate with their parents because in China access to public benefits, such as education and health care, is tied to one's place of birth.
Introduction to Confucianism and Five Relationships
Then, show Clip 1. Tell students that the Zhang parents, Changhua father and Suqin motherwere finally able to get train tickets to travel home for the Chinese New Year celebration.
During the trip, a man on the train talked about going home to see his family. What roles do poverty and family relationships play in the willingness of workers to endure long separations from family? Like Socrates, Confucius's work and teachings were not appreciated during his lifetime.
It was years after his death that people realized the soundness of his thoughts and he got recognition for his vision. Confucianism is based on the idea of 'love' and 'compassion' as two prime virtues in life.
A society in which individuals place morals and virtue above everything else will surely prosper. Therefore, Confucius emphasized the importance of rituals or a code of good conduct for a society. He also emphasized that whatever be the circumstances we find ourselves in, we always have a choice to choose the right or wrong path.
If each component or individual of a society performs his part efficiently, by choosing the right path, the society will be in harmony. Confucius pictured the society like a giant wheel with the monarchy, the king, as the axis around which everything spins. Thus, a hierarchical structure of society is what he conceptualized. He had the belief that a society based on virtue would not require punishing laws or a penal code as he believed in the goodness of every individual.
Fundamental Principles of Confucianism These are the principles by which a person should live by, according to Confucius.
- Introduction to Confucianism and Five Relationships
If a person inculcates these principles, he will be worthy of being called 'the ideal man' or the 'perfect man'. Li is the principle of self-restraint and sense of propriety that should be inculcated in a person.