Relationship to Federal & State Government
Relationship to Federal & State Government. The U.S. Constitution does not mention local units of government. As creations of the individual states, however, . Government in the United States is shared between local, state, and federal governments. The distribution of power between state and national governments . The relationship and authority of states and the federal government are works to preserve and promote a balanced relationship between the states, of state and local concern, and place meaningful limits on the federal.
State government creates local governments under a state law. Each local government is created by an instrument.
The federal government can undertake reforms of the local government system and make necessary changes in the system in consultation with state government. There are certain services, which both local governments and the state government provide jointly. These are primary education, health services and agricultural and industrial services.
The state government provides the standards and general control for these services. Apart from the functions assigned to local governments by the constitution, the state government can assign other functions to local governments from time to time. Also, the federal government determines how the local government share of the federation accounts is shared out to them. Additionally, the federal government can give specific grants to local governments for specific services. The federal government also has the power to know how the money it paid to the local government is spent.
The state and federal government can execute certain functions on community development through or jointly with local governments. The state government can institute an inquiry into the operation of the local government. It can punish offenders, it can dissolve the council and appoint a caretaker council until an election is conducted.
The relationship between the states and the federal government: lesson overview
The state government approves the estimate, bye-laws and major programmes of the local government before they are implemented. The state government provides inspectors who visit local governments regularly to inspect their operations. They look into their income and expenditure and other records and offer advice to the local government officials. The state government auditors audit the account of the local government annually.
The state government provides rules which guide local government staff. It provides the local government with financial memorandum. The state government also regulates and controls the appointment of certain professionals working with local governments like medical officers, etc. Often times, the relationship of the three tiers of government is a talking point based on the revenue sharing formula that allocates resources from the Federation Account amongst the three tiers of government—currently The FRN is composed of 36 states that share sovereignty with the Federal Government and 1 federal territory administered solely by the Federal Government.
Relationship between the three tiers of government in Nigeria ▷ angelfirenm.info
Also, the Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: The Executive Arm The executive arm is better explained within the context of the presidency. Generally, politics in Nigeria takes place within the framework of a federal, presidential, representative democratic republic, in which executive power is exercised by the government.
The President of the Country serves as the head of the Federal Executive Council which is also known as the cabinet. The executive branch is divided into Federal Ministries, each headed by a minister appointed by the president.
The relationship between the states and the federal government
The president must include at least one member from each of the 36 states in his cabinet. In some cases, a federal minister is responsible for more than one ministry for example, Environment and Housing may be combinedor a minister may be assisted by one or more ministers of State. Each ministry also has a Permanent Secretary, who is a senior civil servant. The ministries are responsible for various parastatals government-owned corporationssuch as universities, the National Broadcasting Commission, and the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
It has members, who are elected for four-year terms in single-seat constituencies.
On the other hand, the Senate has members and it is presided over by the President of the Senate. One member is selected in the single-seat constituency of the federal capital. Salary of Nigeria President: The National Judicial Council serves as an independent executive body that protects the judiciary from the executive arm of government. The Supreme Court is presided over by the Chief Justice of Nigeria and thirteen associate justices, who are appointed by the President of Nigeria on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council.
These justices are subject to confirmation by the Senate. State Government We can understand what the State Government is by defining what a state is. A state is defined as a group of people permanently occupying a fixed territory and bound together by common habits and custom into one political body. In Nigeria, states enjoy a level of sovereignty, but this sovereignty is within the constraints of the Federal Government as provided for by the constitution.
The exclusive list can be considered as a symbol of power. The concurrent list belongs to the federal and state governments. The residual belongs to the states. The "power sharing" means that even though there are certain lists that belong to each tier, the responsibilities can be shifted among them in order to get better results.
For example, even though primary education is in the list of the state government, other tiers can take it up when needed. The power sharing relationship between the tiers means more productivity which is a great thing for the country, if you ask us.
However, it leads to another area of cooperation. Revenue sharing or allocation This means that there are taxes that are collected by one tier of government on behalf of another. It mostly occurs when the power and responsibilities for certain areas are shifted between tiers, like during the "power sharing" times.
It is common to have revenue sharing or allocation between the federal government and one of the other tiers. It means that they are only responsible for issues on the local level.
The relationship between the states and the federal government (article) | Khan Academy
It is also known that the federal government is empowered by the Constitution and can have a significant impact on local government matters. The big impact of the federal government on the local government matters was the cause of dispute between many Nigerians.
In the last few years, there were some issues in the relationship between the local and federal governments.
And there are still issues! The biggest problem is that the federal government may have some functions that do not belong to it. Many Nigerians argue that federal government may take advantage of some areas that are under the power of the local government, like culture or rural development.