Theodosius I | Roman emperor | angelfirenm.info
Crimes Against Life: A Story of St. Ambrose and the Emperor Theodosius place between the Emperor Theodosius and St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan. . to be okay with Abortion, Euthenasia, Divorce, Live-in-relationships. Bishops, priests, and God's people are going to have to be willing to accept persecution, fines (which event that took place between the Emperor Theodosius and St. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan. . Sites That Link to this Post. In Milan, Theodosius found in Bishop Ambrose an ecclesiastic who was intent upon cooperating effectively with the emperor and even upon forming a friendship.
It was rescinded too late, so that a horrible massacre resulted among the population there. After a prolonged hesitation, Theodosius complied with the order and was readmitted to communion at Christmas His penance should not be construed as a victory of the church over the emperor but only as a demonstration of the power of atonement over the penitent sinner. While maintaining an entirely friendly attitude toward the church, Theodosius still took care in his legislation to see that the material interests of the state were sacrificed only to a very limited extent to church or clergy.
Massacre of Thessalonica - Wikipedia
In addition, Theodosius decided to enforce more strongly against the pagans the religious policy he had pursued since In February he prohibited sacrifices and the visiting of temples. Up to that time, he had basically tolerated the pagans and had entrusted adherents of the old cults with the highest offices. Quarrels between his second wife, Galla, and his son Arcadiusas well as his own view of the Eastern capital as the centre of the empire, prompted Theodosius to move his residence back to Constantinople, where he arrived in November Arbogast treacherously proclaimed as emperor of the West a former rhetoric teacher, Eugeniuswho had close connections with the pagan aristocracy of the Senate.
On November 8,he made his edicts of more stringent by completely prohibiting the worship of the pagan gods. He left no further doubts as to his position when he elevated his son Honorius to Augustus in January and thereby demonstrated that he would no longer tolerate any emperor other than himself and his sons.
Because he still refrained from military action, his enemies occupied Italy in the spring of Led by Nicomachus Flavianus, the forces striving to preserve the pagan cults gathered around Eugenius. The now inevitable struggle for power was thus at the same time a struggle that would decide whether pagan religions would once again be tolerated within the empire alongside Christianity.
Theodosius did not set out from Constantinople until May As inhe made his way toward the Danube and then the Sava with his powerful army. Arcadius, who had been given the right to promulgate laws independently, was supposed to direct the government in the East.
Theodosius first met the enemy at the Frigidus River on the eastern border of Italy. Following the deaths of Eugenius, Arbogast, and Nicomachus Flavianus, Theodosius showed himself lenient and strove to achieve the settlement between opposing forces that was necessary to strengthen imperial unity. Probably as a result of the exertion of the campaign, Theodosius fell ill.
The Italian Monarchist: Emperor Theodosius the Great
He went to Milan, where he summoned Honorius in order to present him formally as Augustus of the West. Because Theodosius had appeared to recover, his death in January was generally unexpected.
On his deathbed he had entrusted Stilicho, promoted to generalissimo after the victory at the Frigidus, with the care of his two sons. Yet, all too soon it was to become apparent that Theodosius had not chosen his advisers with sufficient care and that the men who were guiding the sickly Arcadius were unwilling to cooperate with Stilicho, who remained loyal to the dynasty. Should I then speak about what I heard? But I was obliged to avoid precisely what I feared could be brought about by your orders, that is, a bloodshed.
Should I remain silent? But then the worst thing would happen as my conscience would be bound and my words taken away. And where would they be then? When a priest does not talk to a sinner, then the sinner will die in his sin, and the priest will be guilty because he failed to correct him. His magister officiorum Rufinuswho "used great freedom of speech due to the familiarity with the emperor", noticed this behaviour, approached and asked him why he was weeping. Inafter the death of Valentinian II and the fall of EugeniusAmbrose supplicated the emperor for the pardon of those who had supported Eugenius after Theodosius was eventually victorious.
He ordered the synagogue rebuilt at the expense of the bishop but Ambrose persuaded Theodosius to retreat from this position. For thus we read, where the Lord our God speaks by the mouth of the prophet Jeremiah: And do not thou pray for that people, and do not thou ask mercy for them, and do not come near Me on their behalf, for I will not hear thee.
Or seest thou not what they do in the cities of Judah? In his exposition of Psalm 1Ambrose says: How many pagans have mercy and sobriety but no fruit, because they do not attain their purpose!
The leaves speedily fall at the wind's breath. Some Jews exhibit purity of life and much diligence and love of study, but bear no fruit and live like leaves.
Anti-paganism influenced by Saint Ambrose Under his influence, emperors GratianValentinian II and Theodosius I carried on a persecution of Paganism ;     Theodosius issued the " Theodosian decrees ," which with increasing intensity outlawed Pagan practices.
Ambrose prevailed upon Gratian, Valentinian and Theodosius to reject requests to restore the Altar. Later years and death[ edit ] Embossed silver urn with the body of Ambrose with white vestments in the crypt of Sant'Ambrose, with the skeletons of Gervase, and Protase.
In April Arbogastmagister militum of the West and his puppet Emperor Eugenius marched into Italy to consolidate their position in regard to Theodosius I and his son, Honoriuswhom Theodosius had appointed Augustus to govern the western portion of the empire. Arbogast and Eugenius courted Ambrose's support by very obliging letters; but before they arrived at Milan, he had retired to Bologna, where he assisted at the translation of the relics of Saints Vitalis and Agricola.
From there he went to Florence, where he remained until Eugenius withdrew from Milan to meet Theodosius in the Battle of the Frigidus in early September He was succeeded as bishop of Milan by Simplician. Character[ edit ] Drawing based on a statue of Saint Ambrose Many circumstances in the history of Ambrose are characteristic of the general spirit of the times.
The chief causes of his victory over his opponents were his great popularity and the reverence paid to the episcopal character at that period. But it must also be noted that he used several indirect means to obtain and support his authority with the people.
It is alleged, too, that at a time when the influence of Ambrose required vigorous support, he was admonished in a dream to search for, and found under the pavement of the church, the remains of two martyrsGervasius and Protasius. The saints, although they would have had to have been hundreds of years old, looked as if they had just died.
The applause of the people was mingled with the derision of the court party. Theologians compare him with Hilarywho they claim fell short of Ambrose's administrative excellence but demonstrated greater theological ability.
- Massacre of Thessalonica
He succeeded as a theologian despite his juridical training and his comparatively late handling of Biblical and doctrinal subjects. Thus we have the De officiis ministrorum, De viduis, De virginitate and De paenitentia. His advice to Augustine of Hippo on this point was to follow local liturgical custom.
Follow the custom of the church where you are.
His advice has remained in the English language as the saying, " When in Rome, do as the Romans do.