What was Alexander the Great's personal life like? — Ancient Heroes
Alexander's father was Philip II, the king of Macedonia, who put together a great army and crushed his foes. Under his superb political leadership, the once. Alexander the Great was one of the best-known rulers in ancient history. Alexander's relationship and military cooperation with his father ended soon after . We know that Alexander married at least three women during his short life: necessarily mean he had on-going, intimate relationships with all of them. women by the time he died than his father Philip, who was regarded as.
One of Alexander's first teachers was Leonidas, a relative of Olympias, who struggled to control the defiant boy. Philip hired Leonidas to train the youth in math, archery, and horsemanship the training and care of horses. Alexander's favorite tutor was Lysimachus. This tutor devised a game in which Alexander impersonated the hero Achilles.
Achilles was a heroic Greek warrior from a famous ancient poem called the Iliad. Achilles became the model of the noble warrior for Alexander, and he modeled himself after this hero. This game delighted Olympias because her family claimed the hero as an ancestor. In Philip asked Aristotle — B. For three years in the rural Macedonian village of Mieza, Aristotle taught Alexander philosophy, government, politics, poetry, drama, and the sciences.
Aristotle wrote a shortened edition of the Iliad, which Alexander always kept with him.Alexander (2004) Deleted Balcony Scene (HD)
Beginnings of the soldier Alexander's education at Mieza ended in B. While Philip was away fighting a war, he left the sixteen-year-old prince as acting king. Within a year Alexander led his first military attack against a rival tribe. In he led the cavalry troops who fight battles on horseback and helped his father smash the forces of Athens and Thebes, two Greek city-states. Alexander's relationship and military cooperation with his father ended soon after Philip took control of the Corinthian League.
The Corinthian League was a military alliance made up of all the Greek states except for Sparta. Philip then married another woman, which forced Alexander and Olympias to flee Macedon. Eventually Philip and Alexander were reunited. Alexander as king In the summer of B. During this event Philip was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble, Pausanias.
After his father's death Alexander sought the approval of the Macedonian army for his bid for kingship. The generals agreed and proclaimed him king, making Alexander the ruler of Macedon. In order to secure his throne, Alexander then killed everyone who could have a possible claim to the kingship.
Although he was the king of Macedon, Alexander did not automatically gain control of the Corinthian League.
Personal relationships of Alexander the Great
Some Greek states rejoiced at Philip's murder, and Athens wanted to rule the League. Throughout Greece independence movements arose. Immediately Alexander led his armies to Greece to stop these movements. The Greek states quickly recognized him as their leader, while Sparta still refused to join. The League gave Alexander unlimited military powers to attack Persia, a large kingdom to the east of Greece. Asian campaign In October B. Alexander returned to Macedon and prepared for his Persian expedition.
In the early spring of Alexander's army met Darius's army for the first time. Alexander's army defeated the Persians and continued to move west. Though advised to use diplomacy, Alexander mustered 3, Macedonian cavalry and rode south towards Thessaly. When the Thessalians awoke the next day, they found Alexander in their rear and promptly surrendered, adding their cavalry to Alexander's force.
He then continued south towards the Peloponnese. Athens sued for peace and Alexander pardoned the rebels. The famous encounter between Alexander and Diogenes the Cynic occurred during Alexander's stay in Corinth.
When Alexander asked Diogenes what he could do for him, the philosopher disdainfully asked Alexander to stand a little to the side, as he was blocking the sunlight.
He also received news of a Thracian uprising. Before crossing to Asia, Alexander wanted to safeguard his northern borders. Starting from Amphipolishe travelled east into the country of the "Independent Thracians"; and at Mount Haemusthe Macedonian army attacked and defeated the Thracian forces manning the heights.
Alexander then marched for three days to the Danubeencountering the Getae tribe on the opposite shore. Crossing the river at night, he surprised them and forced their army to retreat after the first cavalry skirmish.
Personal relationships of Alexander the Great - Wikipedia
Marching west into Illyria, Alexander defeated each in turn, forcing the two rulers to flee with their troops. With these victories, he secured his northern frontier. Alexander immediately headed south. The Theban resistance was ineffective, and Alexander razed the city and divided its territory between the other Boeotian cities. The end of Thebes cowed Athens, leaving all of Greece temporarily at peace.
At the age of sixteen Alexander completed his education and became a soldier.
Alexander The Great (His Relationship With His Father; How He Came To Power; His Conquests)
His first military campaign was against the Thracians, a group of Indo-European tribes who had been allies of the Trojans when they fought against the Greeks. Many people suspected that Alexander and his mother had plotted to have Philip killed, but no one knew for certain.
Only nineteen years old at the time, Alexander quickly obtained the support of the army. To ensure that her son would be ruler, Olympia had the daughter of King Philip and Cleopatra Eurydice murdered, which drove her mother to suicide.
Now that Philip was dead, the states were divided once again. However, Alexander sent his army south to the region of Thessaly and gained their support for his leadership.
At a meeting of the members of the league, Alexander worked for their support and received it. With the exception of Athens, the other Greek city-states granted him full military power. He was concerned that there would be a revolt of the Greek city-states, so he marched his huge army of over cavalry soldiers and some 30, infantry soldiers to the tip of the Greek peninsula. He destroyed Thebes and this caused fear among the city-states.
Even Athens pledged their loyalty to him. At the age of 22, in BCE, he left for his Asiatic campaign.