The Ventotene Manifesto in all EU laguanges The Ventotene Manifesto – Swedish Version – Translation by Stefano Fogelberg Rota, Hannes. island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free and united Europe. The Ventotene Manifesto. Ventotene: The Altiero Spinelli Institute for. Il manifesto di Ventotene has 28 ratings and 0 reviews. Se vogliamo che l’Europa abbia un futuro, è allo spirito di integrazione che si deve fare riuferi.
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When the threat became all maniffsto serious at the end of the First World War, it was only natural that these privileged classes should have warmly welcomed and supported the rise of dictatorships that removed their adversaries legalislative weapons. The absolute sovereignty of national States has led to the desire of each of them to dominate, fi each feels threatened by the strength of the others, and considers that its “living space” should include increasingly vast territories that give it the right to free movement and provide self-sustenance without needing to rely on others.
Schools, mnaifesto, production, administrative bodies are mainly directed towards increasing military strength. After being distributed in mimeographed form, a clandestine edition of the Manifesto appeared in Rome in January Maniresto free and united Europe is the necessary premise to the strengthening of modern civilization as regards which the totalitarian era is only a temporary setback. This desire to dominate cannot be placated except by the hegemony of the strongest State over all the others.
This statement was in vetnotene with the idea, then ventotsne, that unity could be achieved almost naturally and only as a secondary goal, after the attainment of political purposes communism, democracy and so on in individual countries.
But this ventoene freedom has not survived the crisis created by totalitarian States. It takes just a few days to destroy the results of decades of common effort to increase the general well-being. With propaganda and action, seeking to establish in every possible way the agreements and links among the individual movements which are certainly in the process of being formed in the various countries, the foundation must be built now for a movement that knows how to mobilize all forces for the birth of the new organism which will be the grandest creation, and the newest, that has occurred in Europe for centuries; in order to constitute a steady federal State, that will have at its disposal a European armed service instead of national armies; that will break manifeato economic autarkies, the backbone of totalitarian regimes; that will have sufficient means to see that its deliberations for the maintenance of common order are executed in the individual federal sates, while each State will retain the autonomy it needs for a plastic articulation and development of political life according to the particular characteristics of the various peoples.
In this way it issues the basic guidelines of the new order, the first social discipline directed to the unformed masses. Today, in an effort to begin shaping the outlines of the future, those who have understood the reasons for the current crisis in European civilization, and who have therefore inherited the ideals of movements dedicated to raising the dignity humanity, which were shipwrecked either on their inability to understand the goal to be pursued or on the means by which to achieve it have begun to meet and seek each other.
It must not be a heterogeneous mass of tendencies, united merely negatively and temporarily, i. But the pseudo-science of geopolitics has been created in an attempt to prove the soundness of theories about living space and to provide a theoretical cloak to the imperialist desire to dominate. Luis98 marked it as to-read May 20, Elphie84 rated it it was amazing Feb 10, Many of those who were ingenuously vengotene by the myth of corporativism, can and should be attracted by the job of renewing structures.
Subsequently, in fact, totalitarian regimes consolidated the position of the various social categories at the levels they had gradually achieved. They ventotee, instead, servants of the State, which decides what their goals must be, and the will of those who hold power becomes the will of the State.
They are suitable leaders only in times of ordinary administration, when the overall population is convinced of the validity of the basic institutions and believe that any amendment should be restricted to relatively secondary matters. The Ventotene Manifesto — Portuguese The ideology of national independence was a powerful stimulus to progress. Within the territory of each new State, it brought the institutions and systems of the more advanced societies to more backward ones.
In moments of dire need, they know just how to disguise their true nature, saying they stand by freedom, peace, general well-being and the poorer classes. Even during peacetime, considered to be pauses during which to prepare for subsequent, inevitable wars, the will of the military class mwnifesto holds sway over the will of the civilian class in many countries, making it increasingly difficult to operate free political systems.
Human solidarity towards those who fall in the economic struggle ought not, therefore, to be manifested with humiliating forms of charity that produce the very same evils they seek to remedy but ought to consist in a series of measures which unconditionally, and regardless of whether a person is able to work or not, guarantee a decent standard of living for all without lessening the stimulus dk work and save.
And, once the horizon of the old Continent is superseded, and all the peoples who make up humanity are included in a manifestp design, it will have to be recognized that the European Federation is the only conceivable guarantee ensuring that relationships with American and Asiatic peoples will work on the basis of peaceful co-operation, writing for a more distant future when the political unity of the entire world will become possible.
As soon as this era ends the historical process of struggle against social inequalities and privileges will be restored in full. These tendencies have countless shades and nuances, stretching from very conservative liberalism to socialism and anarchy. Modern civilization has taken the principle of freedom as its basis, a principle which holds that man must not be a mere instrument to be used by others but an autonomous centre of life.
Il manifesto di Ventotene by Altiero Spinelli
The pitiful impotence of democrats do the Russian, German, Spanish revolutions are the three most recent examples. It is an economic regime in venfotene, through the right of inheritance, the power manidesto money is perpetuated in the same class, and is transformed into a privilege that in no way corresponds to the social value of the services actually rendered. The Ventotene Manifesto — Polish Trivia About Il manifesto di V The Ventotene Manifesto — Cypriot To all of this must be added the disappearance of some of the most important dynasties, and the fragility of the basis which sustains the ones that survive.
Only two issues require further and deeper definition because of their particular significance for our country at this moment: There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
The Ventotene Manifesto – Portuguese
But all monopolistic tendencies can be fought effectively once these social changes have been fulfilled. Feelings today are already far more disposed than they were in the past to accept a federal reorganization of Europe. But if the revolutionary party continues resolutely from the very outset to create the conditions required for individual freedom whereby every citizen can really participate in the State’s life, which will evolve, despite secondary political crises, towards increasing understanding and acceptance of the new order by all – hence towards an increasing possibility of working effectively and creating free political institutions.
Even if the corporative chambers were a sincere expression of the will of the various categories of producers, the representative bodies of the various professional categories could never be qualified to handle questions of general policy.
Liberal and democratic systems increasingly lost their prestige by becoming the tools that these groups will always resort to in order to vventotene all of society even more. In the text, European Federalism and World Federalism are presented as a way to prevent future wars. The Ventotene Manifesto — French 1. The Ventotene Manifesto — Dutch 1. In order to keep the working classes immobilized and subjugated, the trade unions, once free organizations of struggle, run by individuals who enjoyed the trust of manifrsto members, have been turned into institutions for police surveillance run by employees chosen by the ruling class and responsible only to them.
Translated from the original Italian by Anthony Baldry. Already in the past we have seen how they wormed their way into popular movements, paralyzing, deflecting and altering them into precisely the opposite of what they are. Altiero Spinelli was an italian political theorist and an European Federalist.