Julien Offroy de La Mettrie, (born Dec. 25, , Saint-Malo, Fr.—died Nov. 11, , Berlin), French physician and philosopher whose. Julien Offray de La Mettrie, the French physician and philosopher, was born in Saint-Malo, Brittany. After attending the Collège d’Harcourt, he studied medicine . La Mettrie, Julien Offray De(b. Saint-Malo, France, 19 December ; d.
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In this protected situation he continued to write tracts on scientific and philosophical subjects that shocked the conventional-minded.
His initial schooling took place in the colleges of Coutances and Caen. He died in of what was regarded by his contemporaries, somewhat unkindly, as the effects of overeating — a diagnosis exploited by his foes to prove both the practical dangers of materialism and the providential punishment reserved for atheists. This position even found its way into many of the articles of the great….
As such, it is usually distinguished from theism, which affirms the reality of the divine and often seeks to demonstrate its existence. La Mettrie thus became a leading expositor of the iatromechanistic philosophy of Boerhaave, to which he soon gave a ridical application quite unintended by his teacher. Soon after he began suffering from a severe fever and eventually died.
At this time, D’Harcourt was pioneering the teaching of Cartesianism in France. The awareness of professional issues that La Mettrie gained as mdttrie medical student led him to lampoon the ignorance and venality of Parisian medical practitioners. Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Much of the information about his life comes from the oftray offered at his funeral by Frederick the Great. There offraay composed Penelopea polemical work against the physicians in which he made fun of the vanity of his profession.
The year marks the th anniversary of la Mettrie’s death. La Mettrie was required by the regiment chaplain to relinquish his post with the army and then made to leave France. He argued that humans were just complex animals. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Julien Offray de La Mettrie – Wikipedia
In L’homme planteLa Mettrie’s purpose was to stress the various parallelisms of structure and function between two such seemingly disparate things as offrray human organism and vegetable life. The French physician and philosopher Julien Offrayde La Mettrie is best known for his “Man a Machine,” an incisive and witty exposition of his theory of the dependence of mind on body. This theory can be considered to build off the work of Descartes and his approach to the human body working as a machine.
It seems that the disease, juliwn with whom it had to deal, was cunning enough to attack him first by the brain, in order to destroy him the oftray surely.
And while his philosophic contribution remains circumscribed by the biomedical standpoint that shaped his thinking, the man-machine hypothesis may be said, within its proper limits, to have retained a basic validity and vitality. Accordingly, he diagnosed the greatest threat to felicity to mettriee “remorse,” a morbid and “unnatural” symptom, which he proposed, ever faithful to the Hippocratic oath, to alleviate in all and sundry, including even conscience-ridden criminals; he remarked that the practical control of social behavior was a political matter and no business of his.
The feeling against him was so strong that, in FebruaryLa Mettrie was compelled to quit the Netherlands julidn Berlinwhere he was received as a member of the Royal Academy of Science, and Frederick the Great not only allowed him to practice as a physician, but appointed him court reader.
On another and more original level, it claimed that all jluien mental faculties and processes in the human subject were products of the underlying bodily machine—more precisely, of its cerebral and neural components. Dec 21, See Article History. Appraisals of his philosophy have been amplified through critical studies of a number of his works, which have not only deepened appreciation of the content and impact of his philosophical writings but also placed these works in a richer scientific and philosophical context.
However, he must be credited with conceiving of the “living machine” in a manner that goes beyond the inadequacies of Descartes’s passive and inert notion of mechanism. Modern materialism Epicureanism In Epicureanism: By generalizing the phenomenon of irritability, and combining it with related instances of reflex action, La Mettrie was able to picture the organism as a genuinely self-moving, inherently purposive mechanism.
He further alienated the public with L’Homme machinethe final development of his mechanical explanation of humans and the world. Related articles Paradox of hedonism Hedonic treadmill. One was the continuity it asserted between the mentality of man and that of those animals most resembling him.
He noted that animals rarely tortured each other and argued that some animals were capable of some level of morality. In advancing this notion, La Mettrie was perhaps the earliest exponent of a school of psychology whose method of analysis would be consistently and rigorously physiological. Duke University Presschap.
Julien Offray de la Mettrie (1709-1751).
Several themes of interest to the history of science grew logically out of the man-machine thesis. Another feature of L’homme machine is its persistent tendency to assimilate human to animal nature with the aid of evidence drawn from the spheres of comparative anatomy and experimental psychology.
The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: Part of a series on. Although the moral implications of his philosophy were considered extremely dangerous in the eighteenth century, moderns have come to appreciate his endorsement of human pleasure, his concern with public health, and his humanitarianism, especially as reflected in his calls for tolerance.
Julien Offray de La Mettrie: The Voltaire Foundation No longer able to practice medicine, La Mettrie developed his doctrines of materialism still more boldly and completely, and with great originality, in L’Homme machine Eng.