Calliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (Meisn.) Barneby Anneslia confusa ( Sprague & Riley) Britton & Rose Calliandra similis Sprague & Riley Anneslia similis. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Calliandra calothyrsus is a small, thornless, often multistemmed shrub. Under optimum conditions it can attain a height of 12 m and a. Common Name: Red Calliandra. Calliandra calothyrsus. Often grown as a fuelwood crop and as an ornamental, it has escaped from cultivation and invaded .

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Cattle direct grazing calliandra over a month period in Indonesia gained 0. In this case it can calothyrdus used during the whole year, or only during the dry season when grass quality and availability are low Nyeko et al. Stumps are very useful for interplanting among other trees or for a better establishment on steep slopes. A pioneer species, calliandra may be helpful for the control of alang-alang Imperata cylindrica and callkandra species from degraded grasslands of grasses such as Eupatrium and Saccharum Orwa et al.

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In Kenya, increases in goat milk production were reported though the conditions of distribution were not specified Place cwlliandra al. The plant can produce 14 tonnes per hectare of charcoal annually[ ]. Effect of the tropical tannin-rich shrub legumes Calliandra calothyrsus and Flemingia macrophylla on methane emission and nitrogen and energy balance in growing lambs.

Mechanical scarification is also used. It can fix Nitrogen.

Use of dried calliandra leaf meal Calliandra calothyrsus as a substitute for coconut oil meal in growing rabbit rations. Sample description leaves and small twigs Reference Protein precipitating capacity mm g -1 DM 9. Central America – central Panama, north to southern Mexico. Not as deep rooting or drought tolerant as L. Calliandra calothyrsus can flower within one year of planting.


Calliandra is an almost evergreen, thornless small legume tree, usually about m high, but it can reach a height of 12 m. Composition and degradability of different fractions of Calliandra leaves, pods and seeds. Other Uses The pulp and papermaking properties are satisfactory and are comparable to dipterocarps and appropriate for kraft paper manufacture.

It has the potential to invade woodland areas. Hot water treatment can be used but there is a risk of killing seed through excessive exposure to high temperature. Agroforestry Systems 2, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. It prefers moist soil and can tolerate drought. Nutritional value The digestibility of fibre and protein of calliandra tend to be lower than that of comparable shrubs such as leucaena Hove et al.

Calliandra caoothyrsus are alternate and bipinnately compound, the rachis being cm long and bearing 3- pinnae. The response may arise from the provision of tannin -protected protein that can be efficiently absorbed post-ruminally. You will receive a range of benefits including: Flowers are in umbelliform umbrella-like clusters outer whorl of sepals of cm length.

Calliandra is an N-fixing legume that roots abundantly and nodulates readily with Rhizobium bacteria. Lower methane emissions are typical of tannin-rich forages, but, in the case of calliandra, lower emissions may be primarily due to its fibre characteristics and the lower digestibility of the fibre, rather than to tannins Tiemann et al.


Sun-dried or artificially dried calliandra leaves could be used in complete rabbit feeds as sources of protein, fibre and lignin, but the possibly low digestibility should be taken into account. Nutritional and anti-nutritional characters and rumen degradability of dry matter and nitrogen for some multipurpose tree species with potential for agroforestry in Zimbabwe.

Survival and herbage yield of six nitrogen-fixing trees intercropped with taro in Western Samoa.

Fact sheet – Calliandra calothyrsus

High mortality can occur when direct grazed by ruminants. Animal Feed Science and Technology 82, pp. Evaluation of tropical forages calliahdra by-products feeds for rabbit production: Tropical grassland society of Australia Inc. Tarpaulins can be laid under seed trees to collect seed as it falls. A searchable catalogue of grass and forage legumes. Wide variation in condensed tannin CT concentrations has also been reported 1.

The inflorescence, borne at the apex, is a showy spike-like raceme cm in length.

There it can be fround from the western Pacific coast of Mexico to Panama. International Workshop on the Genus Calliandra. However, the relatively high level of tannins present in its leaves slows the rate of microbial breakdown of the organic matter[ ]. Workshop on the genus Calliandra, JanuaryBogor, Indonesia.

Assessment of the nutritive value of Calliandra calothyrsus: