ABSTRACT It is common practice to perform intergranular corrosion testing in accordance with ASTM (1) G28 on solid solution nickel alloys, e.g. UNS N . Alloy 22 is a Ni-Cr-Mo alloy (Nickel-Chromium-Molybdenum) and is one of the most versatile corrosion resistant alloys used in industry today. Intergranular Attack Susceptibility For Nickel Alloys.

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SEP also gives guidance on which of its methods apply to which alloys: Publishers Content Coverage Privacy. R Baboian, Corrosion Tests and Standards: Materials shown to be susceptible may or may not be intergranularly corroded in other environments.

Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active asttm of the standard. Conducting the Tests When a test has been selected, follow the detailed directions in that standard for making up the test solution, the preparation of test samples and the finish to be used. SEP does not require ageing, although it might be required in a specification calling up this standard.

ASTM A was designed for g228 stainless steels, specifically the series alloys.

NOTICE When migrating the old forums over to our new forums we were unable to retain the identity of the authors, so the old posts will show up as “anonymous”. Test Samples Samples may be rectangular or cylindrical to suit the test vessel, but where a bend test is required, it is suggested ast, the sample be a minimum of mm long. Good material should have a corrosion rate substantially less than the threshold value. Proceedings of an international conference Diverless and Deepwater Techology: Some suggested criteria for the listed alloys are shown in Table 2, below.

These environments are typically oxidizing and acidic e.


Technical Resources

There are other requirements in these standards over asfm that are not discussed in this document, and these should be followed, such as conducting bend tests. For many alloys, the onset is at 0. Contact us by Phone ast Email to find out how we can help your industry.

There are a number of recognised tests when it comes to the intergranular corrosion testing of corrosion resistant alloys CRA. ISO is the most rigorous in terms of defining test methods, and says which alloys should use which test methods as follows:.

All NEW posts will show up credited to their authors. Sensitization or undesirable intergranular precipitation may occur due to deleterious thermal cycles, because of welding or heat treatment, for example. This document describes all three of these tests for four common standards, and describes the differences. Just remember that these tests were devised for specific groups of alloys and should not be applied to all CRAs!

As 15 hours is g228 difficult test period in practice, and is only a minimum, conducting the test for 20 hours overnight means that the two tests are equivalent. Sheriff’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Geophysics, fourth edition. The effect of post weld surface treatments on the corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel welds in sea water When a test has been selected, follow the detailed directions in that standard for making up the test solution, asmt preparation of test samples and the finish to be used.

It has been used for the duplex stainless steel UNS Swhich has been used for nitric acid cooler tubes.

Problems with corrosion test ASTM G28 – General Corrosion Topics

However, the ASTM standards acknowledge that the environments that the y28 will experience in service are likely to differ from those of the test methods, in which case the corrosion performance could be different. ASTM G28 does not require samples to be heat treated. This document also points out which alloys the tests are intended for, and recommends the most appropriate test when none is specified.


ASTM G28 lists alloys and specifies the test exposure for each. Testimonials Contact Us Sitemap. ISO is specifically for duplex and all austenitic stainless steels, and recommends ageing at two different temperatures:. Figure 1 shows a sensitized microstructure, where the darker etched grain boundaries have a decoration of precipitates.

Get in Touch Contact us by Phone or Email to find out how we can help your industry. Advanced search Show search help. Incoloy will fail and not suitable for dilute sulfuric acid.

ASTM G28 test

Where a standard is included in a purchase specification, this must be followed, although it is advised that unsuitable tests, such as the Huey test for duplex and super austenitic stainless steels, are queried. The test method is not applicable to cast products. This must be established independently by specific tests or by service experience. The uniform corrosion rate obtained by this test method, which is a function of minor variations in alloy composition, may easily mask the intergranular corrosion components of the overall corrosion rate on alloys N, N, N, and N Selection of a Test Method The test methods in Table astmm were designed with specific alloys in mind, but the proliferation of new CRAs has meant that the selection of a suitable test method is difficult.