Shavuot - the fulfillment of the Covenant
This weekend marks the observance of Pentecost and Shavuot, holy days to . and the coming of the Holy Spirit is emphasized in relation to the Sacrament of . We hope these articles help you understand the meaning and story behind. May 29, Can a Talllit be an aid to your prayer life? The Salvation connection between Shavuot and Pentecost the day after the Sabbath, the day you brought the sheaf of the wave offering, count off seven full weeks [shavuot]. Nov 6, The Christian feast of Pentecost and the Jewish fest of Shavuot are related. in fact Shavuot is known also as Pentecost. Pentecost refers to fifty.
- Why Do Some Christians Observe Shavuot?
- What Are Pentecost and Shavuot? 10 Things Christians Should Know
He was buried at the onset of the 15th day Passover. So he was slain when the lamb without blemish was slain.
Shavuot - Wikipedia
The two side posts that were struck signified the patibulum where both of his wrists were nailed. The upper doorpost signified the stipes where His bloody head, back and nail spiked feet were fastened.
On the 15th day of the first month Nissan the Passover occurs in the evening and the Israelites depart in the morning still the 15th day. At the end of the second month we have now accounted for 44 days.
As we enter the third month we start with the 45th day. This is the 46th day. In verses ,14 he descends. This is the 47th day. The Lord then promises to come to the Israelites and appears after three days. We also know this from the Book of Leviticus: The Bible describes it as being an agricultural holiday—an occasion to present the first of the crops to God. In Bible times, agriculture was the basis of the economy; the basis of life.
People's welfare and wealth were tied to the land. In an agrarian society, the "paycheck" was the harvest, and there could be "deductions" in pestilence, thievery and drought. God promised that agricultural results would differ from that of all other nations. For Israel was the nation with whom God covenanted. God's promise to Israel was not like a doting celestial grandfather. The promise and the covenant had requirements.
In order to be blessed, we had to obey God and his word.
As it is written in the Torah: If you pay attention to these laws and are careful to follow them, then the LORD your God will keep his covenant of love with you, as he swore to your forefathers. He will love you and bless you and increase your numbers. He will bless the fruit of your womb, the crops of your land—your grain, new wine and oil—the calves of your herds and the lambs of your flocks in the land that he swore to your forefathers to give you.
If Israel obeyed, she found a full table, if she disobeyed, she found a shortfall at harvest time. Therefore, it was right to give the first of the crops back to him as a way of showing our gratitude.
In fact, the Torah stated that we couldn't even eat from the produce until the firstfruits had been dedicated to God. It is linked to Passover, occurring near the end of the Passover season. The very name of the holiday, Shavuot, means "weeks," coming as it does seven weeks after Passover, as the fiftieth day after the Sabbath that fell during Passover. Passover was a one-day holiday. Unleavened Bread lasted seven days.
By Second Temple times, Passover and Unleavened bread had been combined into one holiday, so that today, the eight days is designated as Passover.
The sheaf of firstfruits of the first barley harvest was presented. Shavuot is one of three holidays "firstfruits" mentioned in the Bible. From the time of David, that sanctuary was in Jerusalem. They would offer the "firstfruits" of the different harvests that took place during the year.
In the later spring, wheat ripened and was harvested at Shavuot. Sukkot took place in the fall when the final harvest of the year was brought in, which included olives and grapes. Shavuot was a major holiday up to the destruction of the Temple in 70 A. Any holiday that requires the entire male population to make a pilgrimage is "major. An ox with horns bedecked with gold and with an olive crown on its head led the way.
The flute was played before them until they were nigh to Jerusalem; and when they arrived close to Jerusalem they sent messengers in advance, and ornamentally arrayed their bikkurim [first fruits]. The governors and chiefs and treasurers [of the Temple] went out to meet them.
According to the rank of the entrants used they to go forth. All the skilled artisans of Jerusalem would stand up before them and greet them, "Brethren, men of such and such a place, we are delighted to welcome you. Sadly, these beautiful customs came to an abrupt end when the Temple was destroyed.
Many Scriptures in the Passover Haggadah were originally recited at the dedication of firstfruits. The people then stood far off, while Moses alone drew near to the thick darkness where God was. As mediator of the covenant, Moses later reported to the Israelites all the words of the LORD and the people responded in unison, kol hadevarim asher diber Adonai na'eseh: He took the sacrificial blood from the offerings, threw half upon the altar, and read the covenant to the people.
The people ratified the covenant with the words kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh v'nishma "all that the LORD says we will do and obey".
What is Pentecost, and what does it have to do with Shavuot?
Upon hearing their ratification, Moses took the other half of the sacrificial blood and threw it on the people saying, "Behold the blood of the covenant that the LORD has made with you in accordance with all these words. It was there that the elders beheld the awesome glory of Elohei Yisrael the God of Israelunder whose feet was "a pavement of sapphires, like the very heaven for clearness" Ex. After returning from the mountain with the elders, the LORD commanded Moses to go back up to receive luchot ha'even the tablets of stone inscribed with the Ten Commandments Ex.
He remained on the mountain for a total of 40 days and 40 nights learning Torah while the Israelites waited for him at the camp down below Ex. Midrashrim about the Tablets According to Jewish midrash, the tablets of stone were made of blue sapphire as a symbol of the heavens and God's throne, written by the "finger of God" Exod.
The Hebrew letters were said to be bored fully through the stone Exod. Moreover, even though the letters were bored fully through the stone, both sides appeared normally that is, the "back" of the tablet looked identical to the front - Shabbos a. Another midrash says that the tablets "carried their own weight," enabling Moses to carry them down the mountain. Another well-known Jewish midrash says that the LORD initially offered the Torah to each of the 70 nations, but none accepted it without first asking what it was about.
After hearing the various commandments, each nation had some excuse or another for not accepting it for example, God offered Torah to the Ishmaelites, but they declined the offer because of its prohibition of theft, since their trading practices required it.
God finally turned to the nation of Israel, who said kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh "all that the LORD says we will do". Note something remarkable here: Unlike the other nations, Israel chose Torah before knowing its contents: In fact, even after Moses had explained the extent of Torah's demands, all Israel said kol asher diber Adonai na'aseh ve'nishma "all that the LORD says we will do and obey" Exod.
In the final book of Torah, Moses reviewed the history and the laws given to the Jews and reminded them to faithfully observe Passover Deut. You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain.
What Are Pentecost and Shavuot? 10 Things Christians Should Know - Bible Study
Exactly seven weeks after the first harvest of barley is the celebration of Shavuot "weeks"one of the three pilgrimage holidays where Jews would come to the mishkan and later the Temple to present the firstfruits of their spring crops before the LORD. Since Shavuot occurs on the 50th day after Passover, the Greek translators of the Torah called this day "Pentecost. Wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives, and dates Deut. As soon as a Jewish farmer saw the first sign of ripening fruit in his field or orchard, he would tie a string or ribbon around it and designate it as bikkurim.
Later he would pick this fruit, put it in a basket woven of gold and silver the poor used wicker baskets of peeled willow branches and set off for the mishkan or later to the Temple in Jerusalem for the festival of Shavuot. Since it was a pilgrimage festival, a large procession of other Jews would be carrying their baskets on the road, singing songs of joyful praise.
They would place their baskets on oxen adorned with garlands of flowers in a grand parade to Jerusalem! As the pilgrims passed through various towns along the way, they would be accompanied by still others Deut. At the mishkan or Templeeach family would present the basket of fruits to a kohen priest to be put before the altar while reciting the following passage from the book of Deuteronomy: A wandering Aramean was my father. And he went down into Egypt and sojourned there, few in number, and there he became a nation, great, mighty, and populous.
And the Egyptians treated us harshly and humiliated us and laid on us hard labor. And the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand and an outstretched arm, with great deeds of terror, with signs and wonders. And he brought us into this place and gave us this land, a land flowing with milk and honey. Just as a sample of the first crop of barley was waved before the altar during the festival of Firstfruitsso on Shavu'ot a sample of the first crop of the wheat harvest was brought to the priests, baked into two loaves of leavened bread shtei halechemand then waved tenufah before the altar as a concluding rite of the season.
This was the only time leavened bread was used by the priests for the avodah see Lev. Shavuot stands in contrast to Passover that requires unleavened bread matzahsince the two loaves of bread made from the first fruit of the wheat harvest were baked with chametz yeast before being "waved before the LORD" Lev.
There is some uncertainty among Jewish sages regarding the meaning of the use of the otherwise forbidden leaven Lev. While the Temple was still standing, Shavuot along with Passover and Sukkotwas one of the three pilgrim holidays shalosh regalim when Jews would come to Jerusalem to make a sacrifice of their crop's first fruits.