BBC - South Yorkshire - History - Mary, Queen of Scots in Sheffield
'Mary, Queen of Scots is an ambitious re-imagining of the Mary Stuart He imagines a relationship that devolves mostly because of Elizabeth's. Mary Queen of Scots and the Murder of Lord Darnley by Alison Weir not to feel that reducing Elizabeth and Mary to their relationship has the. Comments & replies; Public profile · Account details · Emails & marketing Elizabeth I's suspicion of Mary, Queen of Scots writ large in donated letters Elizabeth, but the queen felt Mary was a threat and imprisoned her for years, . or less sums up the relationship between Scotland and England in
There are several accounts of him being basically someone who's really nice on the outside, and once you get to know him you realize - Katie Lambert: He's described as vicious. So it's kind of suspicious that Elizabeth is sending him. She might know how this all plays out. Right, and planning this is something that could possibly ruin May. So three nights before Darnley arrives, spectral warriors are seen fighting in the streets of Edinburgh at midnight.
And I think - Sarah Dowdy: That can't be good. And soon enough - Sarah Dowdy: Mary welcomes him and soon enough falls in love with him. They're both young, they're both very attractive, and as Katie said earlier, being single does not suit Mary.
And they announce their engagement, and I love this, so Elizabeth has let Darnley go to Scotland knowing what might happen. But she completely plays dumb and is shocked by the engagement and arrests Darnley's mother. And Mary quite understandable is saying, hey, I thought you wanted me to marry a English guy, and I am.
So they get married in July ofand it is quickly revealed to Mary that she has made a very bad choice. Darnley is simply not a good guy. And it's not just her who decides to hate him; it's all of the Scottish Lords. All those contentious Lords did not like Darnley, and things get really bad by Marchso less than a year after the marriage.
In the Rizzio murder, Darnley and other Lords plot to murder Mary's favorite in front of her. She's heavily pregnant by this point and they're hoping that she'll be so shocked by seeing this man killed in front of her, you know, at her feet essentially, that she's be debilitated and Darnley will act as maybe a Regent or maybe a King.
It's just completely delusional thinking because no one would have ever let that happen. Again, they hated him. So Mary is confined for a few days and she is much brighter than her somewhat dimwitted husband, and she convinces him that the conspirators are going to go after him next. There's no way he's going to be a Regent or a co-ruler or something. So she gets all of his conspirator's names out of him and they end up escaping through servant quarters and ride 25 miles to safety. Once again, while she's heavily pregnant.
The relations between Elizabeth and Mary actually improve after this, after obviously Elizabeth was disappointed with Mary's choice of husband and things had gotten a little frosty there. But Elizabeth is so horrified that something like this would happen in front of a fellow sovereign Queen, an anointed Queen, that she warms up to Mary again.
And in a fun little story, Elizabeth sends a gold font for the baby, but not realizing that the Baptism took place a few months after the birth. The font she sent was much too small for - Sarah Dowdy: But the birth doesn't help Mary and Darnley reconcile. And she's starting to think, okay, I have a male heir.
How can I get rid of this husband. She was really upset about the prospect of spending her days with him. But annulment is out of the question, because that would mean that James is illegitimate and she can't do that.
She needs an heir. So her options are pretty much divorce or arresting him for treason. But the question is answered for her in So on the night of February 9th, Mary is supposed to spend the night with Darnley, but she realizes at the last minute that she has a mask to attend and goes out. Meanwhile, Darnley's room is blown up, seriously, and he runs out into the night naked and is strangled to death. That's quite a story, and we're going to talk about it more later, because it's too good to pass up.
Now that'll be a different podcast. But after his death, Mary doesn't conduct herself in the wisest manner. In fact, she married the chief suspect, James Hepburn, who is the 4th Earl of Bothwell, just three months after the death and also after he abduct and ravished her, according to accounts. And that's always been unclear, was it a willing abduction or did this guy just steal her for real.
And he's married at the time. So he's granted a divorce to marry her, so again, things aren't looking to great as far as Mary's choices are going. But she may just have been very simple sad at that point. She's in ill health; she needs a strong man to help her manage Scotland.
Film puts a modern spin on ‘Mary, Queen of Scots’
She's already married once badly and she's, you know, go her heir and has to figure out how she's going to live the rest of her life. True, but Elizabeth is disgusted by Mary's actions and she even compares them to her own relation with her true love, Dudley and his wife's mysterious death and how she's conducted herself so properly after this, contrasted with Mary running away with this guy.
Elizabeth even wants little Prince James sent to England so she can rear him under her protection, rather than him being with Mary and this strange new man. But Mary and Bothwell part ways on June 15, He's forced into exile and imprisonment by those Lords who, you know, having just gotten rid of Darnley, they're not wiling to put up with Bothwell.
But Mary herself is imprisoned on a tiny island in the middle of a loch, and deposed in favor of her one year old son, James.
And Elizabeth is completely outraged. She was outraged by Mary's actions to being with, but now she's even more outraged by what the Scottish Lords have done by deposing Mary, because Elizabeth has very strong viewpoints about, again, appropriate behavior one, and about the monarchy and how you treat - Sarah Dowdy: And this was simply in appropriate, and a lot of historians have suggested that if Elizabeth hadn't protested so much against their actions, then the Scottish Lords would have executed Mary.
Without much ado at all. And that really is the crux of their relationship. This is why Elizabeth hesitates over the Mary question for so long. Because actively trying to depose or sentence to death a fellow monarch sets a really dangerous precedent, and it's not something Elizabeth wants to get into.
But in contrast, all these helpful things she's doing, at the same time in March ofElizabeth is eyeing Mary's jewels, which of course have been put up for auction, and she outbids Catherine De Medici for her pearls. And you'll see them in several State portraits. Yeah, so - Katie Lambert: It's a classy [inaudible]. Mary's briefly liberate the following year and tries to seek refuge in England with her cousin Elizabeth. She's probably thinking, hey Elizabeth has been pretty nice and helpful lately.
But this is a really bad move because Elizabeth uses as an excuse issues surrounding Darnley's murder and hold Mary in a series of prisons for the next 18 years.
And the English Tribunal delivers the only verdict they can against Mary, because there's nothing that can be proved, but Elizabeth can't let her go either, because Mary at this point has gotten interested again in claiming the English throne because she doesn't want the Scottish one back.
And I mean, really, would you? And the tempo of her live has changed at this point. She's gone from being this romantic adventurous figure and this whirlwind life - Sarah Dowdy: Always feeling on horseback and - Katie Lambert: To spending 20 years in prison practicing her religion and working on her embroidery. Yeah, she's - her embroidery is kind of an interesting side note.
They actually have been books written solely about Mary's embroidery. She was really good at it. But she would use symbolism. But most of her time in prison is really sad and her health suffers, her beauty diminishes and she resolves to get out. First by pleading with Elizabeth, but also she is scheming from the very beginning. Elizabeth's chief advisor actually warns her, the Queen of Scots is and always shall be a dangerous person to your estate.
And that is very much true. Mary has started plotting against Elizabeth almost as soon as she was in England.Queen Elizabeth I vs. Mary, Queen of Scots: The Rivalry Between Cousins (2004)
And unfortunately she's the number one hope for English Catholics, so basically any rebellion you have that's trying to unseat Elizabeth is going to look to Mary as the woman to put on the throne in her stead.
And one of the plots in was a big deal. The Ridolfi Plot, which was your average, run-of-the-mill Catholic plot to assassinate Elizabeth and replace her with Mary!
But after this particular event, Elizabeth never again considers restoring Mary. But Mary's security get tighter around She's been living as a Queen imprisoned, but it goes into major lockdown mode by this point.
Elizabeth I's suspicion of Mary, Queen of Scots writ large in donated letters
And there are also new laws against plotting treason in England by this point. And Elizabeth is afraid that she might have to kill Mary under them, and goes to the now grown James and asks if you and your mother would be willing to co-rule. And he's unwilling to do this.
Dunn, meanwhile, matches Mary against her first cousin, Queen Elizabeth of England. Since there is nothing much new in the way of facts and, anyway, Dunn is honest enough to say in her introduction that she is no historianthe book concentrates on mapping the reverse symmetry at work in the lives of the two tall, red-headed girls who found themselves doing a man's job in a world where women scarcely mattered. Elizabeth, by contrast, had been both bastardised and disinherited by the time she reached her teens and, with a brother and an elder sister living, was an unlikely contender for anything other than a dull life in an English manor house.
Dunn works these contrasts hard, in the process creating a kind of psychological drama in which each woman becomes a fateful reverse image of the other.
Thus, in Dunn's hands, Mary becomes a European monarch, her Catholicism binding her not only to Rome but to most of the reigning families of the continent. Elizabeth, by contrast, is a stubborn islander, who never gets further than Tilbury during her long life.
We have writen a lettre, to the quene, oure good sister, whereunto we praye you also to J oyne youre favorable suite in oure behalf, con forme to that, which we have written more amply to the said Ambassador, whereof we are sure you wilbe made participant.
God almightie preserve you. The 'token of our work to our said grandmother' referred to in the letter was presumably a small embroidery made by Mary. Many of Bess's embroideries are still on show at Hardwick House in Derbyshire.
She says that the debt she owes them is "as great as a sovereign can owe to a subject", and that the peace of the realm is maintained by keeping Mary in prison. The monkey is embroidered in linen, silk and gold tissue on velvet, and it was based on a woodcut from Historiae Animalium by Conrad Gesner. Mary's initials, MR, are embroidered under the monkey's table. Another of the pieces shows Mary's pet dog Jupiter. Others include symbolic messages that reflected how she felt about her captivity in Sheffield.
It's not known however whether he visited Mary in captivity. It was with his help, and others of the Catholic nobility, that Mary was able to plot against Elizabeth while she was not being too closely guarded in Sheffield.
Eventually a letter from Mary to Thomas Babington was intercepted.
It implicated her in a plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I of England. Whatever the true version of events, Mary was beheaded for treason and it was Lord Burghley see the letter above who was responsible for her execution.
Antony Babington and accomplices What happened to the Manor next? In the years after Mary had left Sheffield Manor, the Earl of Shrewsbury passed it into the hands of the Duke of Norfolk, and in the early 17th century the building began to fall into disrepair. Click on the link below to find out more about Sheffield Manor Lodge and the archaeological excavations which took place there from June