Tudor Times | The Kings Pearl: Henry VIII & his daughter Mary by M Thomas
Mary I (18 February – 17 November ), also known as Mary Tudor, was the Queen of Mary was the only child of Henry VIII by his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, to survive to adulthood. . The relationship between Mary and her father worsened; they did not speak to each other for three years. Although both she. Henry VIII, Lady Mary Tudor, and Katherine Parr Katherine's relationship with Mary was one of friendship rather than motherly. Catherine (also Katherine) of Aragon was a Spanish princess, the first wife of Henry VIII and mother of Mary I. Henry's desire to annul his marriage to.
In the portrait, attributed to Master John, Mary is still young and quite beautiful. Portraiture was another common interest of Katherine Parr. Throughout her reign she would have portraits done of her and the two daughters of Henry.
The Relationships of Lady Mary Tudor: Henry VIII and his consort Katherine Parr pt. 2 – tudorqueen6
It is thought that perhaps these portraits of Katherine were done to make up for the fact that Henry had commissioned a painting of the royal family during her reign; only to put Jane Seymour in posthumously as queen. Perhaps that is the case, but the portrait of Mary is memorable and a favorite of many admirers to this day.
By summer ofKatherine had been appointed Regent of England as Henry went off to battle in France. During her reign, most historians believe it was Elizabeth who was most affected by watching her step-mother rule over the country. Both daughters would come to see that it was possible for a queen to handle all that was expected of a king; that perhaps one day they too could rule as queen of England. As regent, Katherine possessed a considerable amount of power.
Throughout his time in France, Katherine would write often informing Henry of her progress. Often included were her sentiments, her time with the children, and worries about his health.
On 28 JanuaryKing Henry died. Neither Katherine nor his children were present. After the death of King Henry, Mary was not told of his death for several days. This action made Mary extremely angry, but she could do nothing about it. For the time being, Mary would stay with Katherine who was again for the third time, a widow.
She was apparently more irritated at the fact that no one had told her that her father had died until days later. Most likely her reaction to the news was mixed grief and some kind of relief.
BBC History - Catherine of Aragon
They both had an income, the promise of a dowry, and extensive holdings of property. Mary was now an owner of 32 houses and manors. These lands had previously belonged to the Duke of Norfolk and his son Surrey but were attained by the King after their arrest. In her mourning, Mary went into deep reflection upon the way the country was now being run.
By Spring, Mary had left the household of the Dowager queen as a dispute between the Lord Protector and his family was about to devolve. Truth being that Mary was a lady with many households and of age; she was mistress of her own manors and needed to start living her own life.
While her father had been alive, Mary had been denied her very own family. She missed out on many marriage proposals and the chance to bear children of her own. Before Henry died, he promised the queen many things and gave her permission to marry again if it pleased her. Within months of his death Mary would find that her step-mother had renewed her liaison with her former love, Sir Thomas Seymour.
Thomas was the younger brother of the Lord Protector. Thomas was jealous of his older brother as he had no part in the regency council. Therefore it has been proposed that perhaps he saw that by marrying the queen dowager he would obtain some sort of recognition.
After surviving nearly four years of marriage to Henry, which was a feet among itself, Katherine was now letting her heart rule over her head. The two would marry on an unknown date. She attempted to reconcile with him by submitting to his authority as far as "God and my conscience" permitted, but she was eventually bullied into signing a document agreeing to all of Henry's demands.
The rebellion, known as the Pilgrimage of Gracewas ruthlessly suppressed. Mary was made godmother to her half-brother and acted as chief mourner at the queen's funeral. Suggestions that Mary marry the Duke of Cleveswho was the same age, came to nothing, but a match between Henry and the Duke's sister Anne was agreed.
However, both remained legally illegitimate. Mary inherited estates in NorfolkSuffolk and Essexand was granted Hunsdon and Beaulieu as her own. For example, the Act of Uniformity prescribed Protestant rites for church services, such as the use of Thomas Cranmer 's new Book of Common Prayer. Mary remained faithful to Roman Catholicism and defiantly celebrated the traditional Mass in her own chapel.
She appealed to her cousin Emperor Charles V to apply diplomatic pressure demanding that she be allowed to practise her religion. When Mary was in her thirties, she attended a reunion with Edward and Elizabeth for Christmaswhere year-old Edward embarrassed Mary, and reduced both her and himself to tears in front of the court, by publicly reproving her for ignoring his laws regarding worship.
His advisers, however, told him that he could not disinherit only one of his half-sisters: Guided by John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberlandand perhaps others, Edward excluded both from the line of succession in his will.
Lady Jane's mother was Frances BrandonMary's cousin and goddaughter. She was warned, however, that the summons was a pretext on which to capture her and thereby facilitate Lady Jane's accession to the throne.
Many adherents to the Catholic faith, opponents of Dudley's, lived there.
Mary rode triumphantly into London on 3 Auguston a wave of popular support. She was accompanied by her half-sister Elizabeth and a procession of over nobles and gentlemen. Lady Jane and her husband, Lord Guildford Dudleythough found guilty, were kept under guard in the Tower rather than immediately executed, while Lady Jane's father, Henry Grey, 1st Duke of Suffolkwas released. Susan Clarencieux became Mistress of the Robes. Edward Courtenay and Reginald Pole were both mentioned as prospective suitors, but her cousin Charles V suggested she marry his only son, Prince Philip of Spain.
As part of the marriage negotiations, a portrait of Philip, by Titianwas sent to her in the latter half of Thomas Wyatt the younger led a force from Kent to depose Mary in favour of Elizabeth, as part of a wider conspiracy now known as Wyatt's rebellionwhich also involved the Duke of Suffolkthe father of Lady Jane. Courtenay, who was implicated in the plot, was imprisoned, and then exiled.
Elizabeth, though protesting her innocence in the Wyatt affair, was imprisoned in the Tower of London for two months, then was put under house arrest at Woodstock Palace. Further, under the English common law doctrine of jure uxoristhe property and titles belonging to a woman became her husband's upon marriage, and it was feared that any man she married would thereby become King of England in fact and in name.
England would not be obliged to provide military support to Philip's father in any war, and Philip could not act without his wife's consent or appoint foreigners to office in England. She gained weight, and felt nauseous in the mornings.
Mary I of England
For these reasons, almost the entirety of her court, including her doctors, believed her to be pregnant. There was no baby. Michieli dismissively ridiculed the pregnancy as more likely to "end in wind rather than anything else". Michieli was touched by the queen's grief; he wrote she was "extraordinarily in love" with her husband, and was disconsolate at his departure.
Philip persuaded his wife that Elizabeth should marry his cousin Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoyto secure the Catholic succession and preserve the Habsburg interest in England, but Elizabeth refused to comply and parliamentary consent was unlikely. She wears a jewelled pendant bearing the pearl known as La Peregrina set beneath two diamonds. In the month following her accession, Mary issued a proclamation that she would not compel any of her subjects to follow her religion, but by the end of September leading Protestant churchmen—including John BradfordJohn RogersJohn HooperHugh Latimerand Thomas Cranmer —were imprisoned.
Married priests were deprived of their benefices. Philip persuaded Parliament to repeal Henry's religious lawsthus returning the English church to Roman jurisdiction. Around rich Protestants, including John Foxechose exile instead. Cranmer recanted, repudiated Protestant theology, and rejoined the Catholic faith. Mary, however, refused to reprieve him.