Consultant - Wikipedia
Research Why Managers Should Know About Research Managers and the Consultant-Relationship • The Manager- Researcher relationship. A consultant is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as security (electronic or physical), management, education, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing (and public relations), finance, engineering One of the more common types is the management consultant. Consulting and the. jobs in the EU Institutions, International Organisations, Consultancy, NGOs and Media Relations Officer, amfori - Trade with purpose, 3 to 5 years, 20 January Research Manager, Climate Diplomacy, Third Generation Environmentalism.
Such consultants are often called "contractors" since they are usually providing technical services such as programming or systems analysis that could be performed in-house were it not easier for the employer to operate a flexible system of only hiring such technologists at times of peak workload rather than permanently. While many consultants work for firms, there is also an increasing number of independent consultants.
Many of these professionals also join networks or alliances that allow them to find collaborators and new clients. Common types[ edit ] In the business, and as of recently the private sphere, the most commonly found consultants are: Business transformation consultants are specialists in assisting business stakeholders to align the strategy and objectives to their business operations. This may include assisting in the identification of business change opportunities and capability gaps, defining solutions to enable required business capability this may include technology, organisational, or process solutions and supporting the implementation of these changes across the business.
Engineering consultants provide engineering-related services such as design, supervision, execution, repair, operation, maintenance, technology, creation of drawings and specifications, and make recommendations to public, companies, firms and industries.
Educational consultants assist students or parents in making educational decisions and giving advice in various issues, such as tuition, fees, visas, and enrolling in higher education.
Human resources HR consultants who provide expertise around employment practice and people management.
Immigration consultants help with the legal procedures of immigration from one country to another. Internet consultants who are specialists in business use of the internet and keep themselves up-to-date with new and changed capabilities offered by the web. Ideally internet consultants also have practical experience and expertise in management skills such as strategic planning, change, projects, processes, training, team-working and customer satisfaction.
Information-technology IT consultants in many disciplines such as computer hardware, software engineeringor networks. Interim managers as mentioned above may be independent consultants who act as interim executives with decision-making power under corporate policies or statutes. They may sit on specially constituted boards or committees.
Marketing consultants who are generally called upon to advise around areas of product development and related marketing matters including marketing strategy. Process consultants who are specialists in the design or improvement of operational processes and can be specific to the industry or sector.
Public-relations PR consultants deal specifically with public relations matters external to a client organization and are often engaged on a semi-permanent basis by larger organizations to provide input and guidance.
Performance consultants who focus on the execution of an initiative or overall performance of their client. Sales consultants who focus on all levels of sales and marketing for the improvement of sales ROI and moving share from competition. Strategy consultants also known as management consultants working on the development of and improvement to organizational strategy alongside senior management in many industries.
A more comprehensive list of types is shown below. Places of work[ edit ] Though most of the back-office research and analysis occurs at the consultants' offices or home-officesin the case of smaller consulting firms, consultants typically work at the site of the client for at least some of the time. By spending time at the client's organization, the consultant is able to observe work processes, interview workers, managers, executives, board members, or other individuals, and study how the organization operates.
The governing factor on where a consultant works tends to be the amount of interaction required with other employees of the client. If a management consultant is providing advice to a software firm that is struggling with employee morale, absenteeism and issues with managers and senior engineers leaving the firmthe consultant will probably spend a good deal of time at the client's office, interviewing staff, engineers, managers and executives, and observing work processes.
On the other hand, a legal consultant asked to provide advice on a specific property law issue might only have a few meetings at the client's office, and conduct the majority of his work at the consultant's office and in legal libraries.
Similarly, the growth of online, highly skilled consultant marketplaces has begun to grow. This means that many consultants have become much more flexible in where they can work and the nature of their work.
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You don't need a postgraduate degree for a career in consultancy, however it can be useful to the work. In particular, the Masters in Business Administration MBA is valued by some employers but it is by no means essential. Having a Masters or PhD may allow you to enter the profession at a higher level. Search for MBA courses.
Many consultants enter the profession with a background of commercial experience and in some cases a professional qualification relevant to a certain industry. However some firms, particularly the larger ones, do take on new graduates for entrance to their training schemes.
Competition is extremely intense with high entry standards and requirements. Some consultancy firms have several rounds of interviews and assessment centres that candidates must go through.
Understanding the Client Consultant Relationship | AESC
If you wish to get into consultancy work immediately after university you should start applying for positions at the beginning of your final year and try to establish some relevant experience.
Demonstrate to employers your commitment to the profession by gaining membership of the Institute of Consulting CMI. Keeping up to date with industry news through organisations such as the Management Consultancies Association MCA will also help to strengthen your applications. Skills the ability to work as part of a team interpersonal and communication skills, both oral and written creativity and innovation problem-solving and strategic planning ability analytical skills the ability to cope with pressure and challenges commercial awareness and understanding of business environments.
Advertisement Work experience Employers often value experience and skills as much as qualifications, so it's useful to gain relevant work experience before you enter the profession.