Free Essay: The Relationship Between Pip and Abel Magwitch in Charles Dickens' Great As a child he lived with his sister and brother in-law Joe. Luck brings. Upon discovering that Magwitch is his secret benefactor, Pip feels far from ecstatic. most of Pip's frustration stems from the ruination of his relationship with Joe. The Relationship between Pip and Magwitch and how Dickens establishes the Magwitch has been a loyal friend to Pip, as he had not been to Joe Gargery.
Is his vision of her hanging caused by resentment and hostility toward her? Are the same feelings suggested in his description of extinguishing the flames engulfing her, in their "struggling like desperate enemies" page ?
Or does this reading push psychological interpretation too far and should Pip's description of his last visits to Miss Havisham be taken at face value? In court when he is referred to as a desperate criminal, he looks at Pip with a trustful look, as if he were confident that I had seen some small redeeming touch in him, even so long ago as when I was a little child.
As to the rest, he was humble and contrite, and I never knew him to complain page As he lies dying in the prison infirmary, Magwitch appreciates the fact that Pip has been closer to him and more accepting of him in his fall than in his prosperity.
PIP The process of Pip's redemption brings up the question, how complete is his transformation? Does he truly give up his snobbery and society's false values, and if he does, at what point s does he give them up?
Pip's redemption begins with his relationship with Magwitch ; he moves from revulsion at Magwitch's appearance, manners, and social status to perceiving his humanity and to finally loving him selflessly. For now my repugnance to him had all melted away, and in the hunted wounded shackled creature who held my hand in his, I only saw a man who had meant to be my benefactor, and who had felt affectionately, gratefully, and generously towards me with great constancy through a series of years.
I only saw in him a much better man than I had been to Joe page He no longer cares about his status as a gentleman and accepts a condemned criminal as his second father.
Compare this attitude with his unease at having visited Newgate with Wemmick as he waits to meet Estella. Not until the end of the novel does the irony of his response on that occasion become clear; the larger irony is that Magwitch is the source of all Pip's dreams, as the father of Estella and the provider of his great expectations.
When Magwitch dies, Pip prays, "O Lord, be merciful to him a sinner! This prayer is a misquotation of the New Testament verse, "O Lord, be merciful to me, a sinner!
Great Expectations - studying relationships
Does Pip's substitution of me for him indicate some remaining condescension and snobbery toward Magwitch? Or has Dickens merely remembered the text incorrectly, so that the misquotation has no significance in our understanding of Pip's growth? Paul Pickering believes "The last stage of Pip's progression is reached when he learns to love the criminal and to accept his own implication in the common guilt. Is it enough for Pip to wholeheartedly and unreservedly love Magwitch? Must he also be able to love Joe in the same way?
He has come to accept Magwitch's love; does he still have to accept Joe's unconditional love? Pip falls ill with brain fever. His hallucinations express his passivity and his loss of identity or self in becoming a gentleman; his distress at his social elevation and his inability to control or even direct his life comes out in his cries to be released from his place as a brick in the wall or a steel beam whirling over a gulf.
Joe nurses him back to health and protects him. Temporarily as helpless as a child, Pip accepts Joe's love and attentions again. Does Pip's convalesence give Pip the opportunity to give up any remaining false pride and social values in his relationship with Joe, his first father?
Realizing that Joe is pulling away as he recovers, he decides to trust Joe completely and share the full truth of his situation—on the next day. Is postponing his confession a valid decision or does it show reluctance to admit his fall?
Does the postponement, with the opportunity it gives Joe to leave, foreshadow the fact that it is too late for Pip to return to his old life or any part of his life with Joe?Pip's Mystery Benefactor - Great Expectations - BBC One
Is this why the adult Pip finds another Pip sitting on his stool before the fire, when he returns to England after eleven years in the East? The fires of his childhood home and the forge have symbolized love, in contrast to the cold light of the stars and Stella.
In Edgar Johnson's view of Pip's redemption, the virtues that ultimately save him are mainly those he unconsciously absorbed from Joe in his childhood, and his return to a life of modest usefulness is a repudiation of the ideal of living off of other people's work.
Pip comes to realize that his society and its grandiose material dreams cheapen, distort, and deny human values. Humphrey House raises an interesting point in connection with Pip's snobbery, which is one of Pip's moral and emotional crimes. He denies that Pip is a snob: The real snobs are the characters blinded to human considerations by the worship of wealth and social position, [they] are Pumblechook and Mrs. Pocket, and Pip sees through them from the start. Is it true that Pip does not become "blinded to human considerations by the worship of wealth and social position"?
And is the moral crime of snobbery one of degree, that is, does the fact that Pumblechook and Mrs. Pocket may be greater snobs than Pip mean that he is not a snob?
Alternately, if Pip is a snob, is at least some of his alienation from his childhood home and Joe justified by the "mean and limiting" life he led as a child? Does House's analysis free Pip of some of his guilt or even most of it?
The history of her suffering in an abusive marriage is briefly summarized; we do not see any of it. In other words, we are presented only with the end result and none of the process whereby she changed. The issue of her change is complicated by there being two endings. In both endings, she is chastened and shows feeling for Pip. If, as Pip had assumed, Miss Havisham was his secret benefactor, he surely would have married Estella eventually, or so he believes.
Redemption and Love
Now not only is there no guarantee, but this news sheds an unfavorable light upon Pip's existing relationships with both Estella and Miss Havisham in that they appear to be using him just as they use all other men to accomplish Miss Havisham's personal vengeance. However, most of Pip's frustration stems from the ruination of his relationship with Joe caused by this newfound prosperity.
But, sharpest and deepest pain of all — it was for the convict, guilty of I knew not what crimes and liable to be taken of those rooms where I sat thinking, and hanged at the Old Bailey door, that I had deserted Joe. In direct contrast to the relationship between Pip and his sister, Pip and Joe were the best of friends and confidants. Pip admired Joe, despite the fact that he was certainly not a gentleman, for his honest work and kind heart.
At this point in the novel, Pip comes to the realization that he has abandoned and erased poor Joe from his life in order to achieve his own selfish dreams of a life of luxury among the upper class. As a consequence, Magwitch fills the void of father figure, though much against Pip's will. Compare the relationship of Pip and Magwitch to that of Mr. Which figure is more of a father figure, if any?
Was it common for adolescents of this time period to be taken under the wing of a secret benefactor? What are the most credible sources that could be used to find an answer for this question?
As he has done throughout the novel, Dickens continues to alter the language of Magwitch in this scene, creating a more colloquial tone for his character.
Why is this particularly significant at this point in the novel? How does this play a role in the characterization of Pip?