Greek and Roman Gods
Leto was a Titan goddess in Greek mythology, daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe. She was an early and favourite lover of Zeus. Zeus married Hera. While the pregnancy started before the marriage, Hera was still jealous of Leto. For the duration The other goddesses gathered there to help Leto during the labour. Zeus consorted with Leto before he married Hera, and because of their love But others have said that Ortygia and Delos are two different islands, and that. In Greek mythology Leto was one of the female Titans, a bride of Zeus, and The other daughter Leto had relations with Zeus, for which she was hounded by.
Homer mentions that all gods and goddess, except for Hera, were present at the delivery of Apollo to establish from the first moment the authenticity of a child who was later to become an Olympian god. Therefore, that is how Delos later became the sacred place of Apollo.
Wandering around the world However, this wasn't the end of Leto's woes. She and her children were constantly harassed by earth-born creatures sent by Hera. Tityus, an earth-born giant, tried to abduct Leto but his advances were repelled by Apollo, who slew him with his arrows. Python, a giant serpent guarding the oracle of Delphiwas also slain by Apollo because he had raped Leto while she was still pregnant with the twins. According to another story, while Leto was passing through Lycia, she felt thirsty and tried to drink from a well.
The peasants however, stirred up mud and made the water undrinkable for her and her children. In anger for the unfairness towards her children, Leto turned them all into frogs.
The central fountain in the terrace garden of Versailles depicts this scene. The incident with Niobe Other sources say that after many years of wandering and when her children went to their father on Olympus to live as gods, Leto finally settled in Thebes to spend the rest of her life.
There, Niobe, the arrogant queen of the city, once said that she was superior to Leto, because Niobe had given birth to fourteen children, seven male and seven female, instead of two. Leto and her divine children were so insulted when they found out about this, that Apollo and Artemis took revenge, killing all fourteen of Niobe's children.
It would thus mean "the hidden one". Beekes have suggested a Pre-Greek origin. She was powerless to stop the flow of events.
Hera banned Leto from giving birth on " terra firma ", the mainland, any island at sea, or any place under the sun. Another late source, Aelianalso links Leto with wolves and Hyperboreans: Wolves are not easily delivered of their young, only after twelve days and twelve nights, for the people of Delos maintain that this was the length of time that it took Leto to travel from the Hyperboreoi to Delos.
The island was surrounded by swans.
As a gesture of gratitude, Delos was secured with four pillars and later became sacred to Apollo. Callimachus wrote that it is remarkable that Leto brought forth Artemis, the elder twin, without travail.
DioneRheaIchnaeaThemis and the "loud-moaning" sea-goddess Amphitrite. Only Hera kept apart, perhaps to kidnap Eileithyiathe goddess of childbirth, to prevent Leto from going into labor. Instead, Artemis, having been born first, assisted with the birth of Apollo.
Another version, in the Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo and in an Orphic hymn, states that Artemis was born before Apollo, on the island of Ortygiaand that she helped Leto cross the sea to Delos the next day to give birth there to Apollo. Witnesses at the birth of Apollo[ edit ] According to the Homeric hymn, the goddesses who assembled to be witnesses at the birth of Apollo were responding to a public occasion in the rites of a dynasty, where the authenticity of the child must be established beyond doubt from the first moment.
The dynastic rite of the witnessed birth must have been familiar to the hymn's hearers.
Leto - Wikipedia
With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed. Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses.
Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally.Top 10 Most Powerful Olympian Gods
In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters. The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods.
What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions.
Leto, mother of Apollo and Artemis
Metope from the Temple at Selinus c. Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa.
Perseus gave the head of Medusa to Athena who mounted it on her breastplate, the gorgoneion. A comparison of one of the large number of representations of the story of Perseus Medusa from Archaic Greek art to the Minoan Snake Goddess illustrates the profound change that occurred with the supremacy of the Olympian Gods.
A striking aspect of the Snake Goddess is her frontality combined with her hypnotic stare.
Leto - Greek Mythology Link
The power of this stare was probably intended to strike the original viewers with intense religious feelings of of terror and awe. This expression transcends categories of good and evil. On the other hand, it was the sight of the "terrible" visage of Medusa that would turn men into stone.
The powerful gaze in the Minoan work becomes entirely negative and demonized and something to be overcome in the figure of Medusa.