The Birth of Jesus and Muhammad In Their Own Words - IslamiCity
Questions about relations between Muslims and Christians continue to Qur'an as God's revelation, and Muhammad as God's final prophet. As Christians look to Jesus and the New Testament and Jews look to Moses and the Torah, Muhammad saw his relationship to the religion of Islam as that of. The Birth of Jesus and Muhammad In Their Own Words shocked at what she brought and assumed it was the result of an illicit relationship.
Muhammad ordered his men to enter the city and fight only those who resisted. Most on the list were those considered apostates. Along with these major conflicts were other raids and battles as Muhammad spread his religion. Ibn Ishaq records that in all Muhammad participated in twenty-seven battles, personally fighting in nine of them. Muhammad sent messengers throughout Arabia and neighboring countries, ordering them to convert to Islam or suffer the consequences.
Those who did not submit to his rule were attacked and forced to pay a tax called a Jizya to Muhammad.What is the Difference Between Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) & Jesus(pbuh) ? By Dr Zakir Naik
In Surah 9, Muhammad gave instructions to his men on dealing with unbelievers: Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which has been forbidden by Allah and His Apostle, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, even if they are of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued Surah 9: In this passage, unbelievers are given three options: These believe that jihad will be waged worldwide against all unbelievers until the world comes under the rule of the House of Islam.
During His earthly ministry, Christ never engaged in military conflict. Instead, He spread his message through preaching, teaching and accomplishing miracles. His mission culminated in His death on the cross for the sins of mankind and His resurrection from the dead.
Christianity was spread through the preaching of gospel message. Today, Christianity is spread through the preaching, teaching, and humanitarian aid in the name of Christ. One leader was a man of the sword; one was a man of peace.
However, the two men dealt very differently with their critics. There were times Muhammad forgave his critics, but there were also many times he exacted revenge on those who criticized him. Jesus, on the other hand, responded in love to those who were critical of Him. Another poet killed by Muhammad was a man named Abu Afak, who was nearly one hundred years old.
The Birth of Jesus and Muhammad In Their Own Words
He had written poems mocking Muhammad. Many respond peacefully to the criticism but many responses are much harsher. A death fatwa religious ruling was declared against Salman Rushdie, author of the fictional novel The Satanic Verses.
Moreover, in earlyriots, many of which were violent, broke out worldwide over Danish cartoons depicting Muhammad. In contrast to Muhammad, Christ never exacted revenge on those who criticized Him. Christ often sharply rebuked those who spoke out against Him Mt. When Jesus was beaten and mocked, He was silent and in the end prayed for the forgiveness of His enemies.
Like Muhammad, Christ had the power to take revenge. However, Christ chose to forgive and even love those who hated Him. One leader chose the sword of vengeance while the other taught us to overcome evil with good. Muhammad remained loyal to his first wife Kadhija and did not take any other wives until after her death. They had been married for 25 years. Islamic historians record that Muhammad married eleven to thirteen wives.
Many of his marriages were to solidify political alliances and to provide and protect the widows of his men who had fallen in battle.
He married her when she was seven and consummated the marriage when she was nine. In his final moments, Muhammad died in the arms of Aisha. One of his most controversial marriages was to Zaynab bint Jahsh, the wife of his adopted son Zayd bin Haritha. Initially Muhammad discouraged Zayd Surah However, the marriage worsened, and they divorced. Soon after Muhammad married Zaynab. Arabs considered this marriage equal to incest and criticized Muhammad.
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However, he received a revelation justifying his action Surah Ibn Ishaq records the story of another wife Safiya. Safiya was the wife of Kinana al-Rabi, the leader of Jews living at the Khaybar oasis.
Muhammad attacked this settlement. Muhammad then sought to obtain the riches in the city. Muhammad ordered his men to torture Kinana so that he would reveal the location of hidden treasure. Then the apostle delivered him to Muhammad b. Maslama and he struck off his head, in revenge for his brother Mahmud.
On one occasion, Muhammad threatened to divorce his wives because one of them disclosed a secret to one of his consorts. This caused some of his wives to join together against him. Muhammad then received a revelation rebuking them, saying Allah and Gabriel would back him up. In exasperation, he gave them the choice of divorcing him and seeking worldly pleasure or remaining with him. First, it appears that Muhammad viewed women as less intelligent than men.
Bukhari gives this account: Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of dwellers of Hell-fire were you women. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you.
A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you. What is deficient in our intelligence and religion? Second, Muhammad appears to teach that women have less value than men. This is evidenced in passages such as Surah 4: Also, men are allowed up to four wives, and sex with slave girls is also allowed Surah 4: One reason is that women are not able to pray during their menstrual cycles: Aisha wrote the following: The things which annul the prayers were mentioned before me.
Whenever I was in need of something, I would slip away for I disliked to face him. From these passages we can conclude that Muhammad did not view women as equals to men. They were less valuable; thus, sons received a double portion of inheritance than daughters, and men could have multiple wives or sexual partners.
They were less spiritual because of their inability to pray during menses and the fact that they would cancel out the prayers of a man simply by walking in front of him. Finally, the physical and spiritual well-being of a woman was not within her own power, but instead was dependent upon her submission to her husband.
In contrast, Jesus never married; however, He valued women, and several were a very important part of his ministry. Several traveled with Jesus and ministered to Him and His disciples Lk. Jesus often praised women for their example of love and faith in the Lord Mk. Jesus spent time with and taught women Lk. The women were at the cross, and in His dying moments Jesus made sure His mother was taken care of Jn.
The women were also the first ones entrusted with the message of His resurrection. Peter exhorted husbands to honor their wives and treat them as co-heirs of eternal life 1 Pet 3: Paul stated in Galatians 3: Muhammad and Jesus were considerably different in the way they treated and valued women.
Today, in nations where Islamic law is enforced, women struggle for equal rights. In contrast, Jesus valued women, and the teachings of the New Testament have been the foundation for improving the status of women throughout the world.
Muhammad, Jews, and Christians Jews believe that God presented special revelation to them through the prophets and the Old Testament. I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers. And I will put my words in his mouth, and he shall speak to them all that I command him. Jesus is the predicted Messiah who fulfills the prophecies of the Old Testament.
Muslims believe that the prophet Moses spoke of was Muhammad and that there are New Testament prophecies such as John Since Muslims believe there is a connection between the three, it is important to explore the relationship of Muhammad to the Jews and the Christians. Early in his preaching, Muhammad appealed to the Jews and Christians, hoping to win their acceptance.
He believed that he was a prophet in the lines of the Old and New Testament prophets and apostles. Various Surahs were written during this period, teaching tolerance of Christians and Jews Surah 2: In harmony with Jewish teachings, Muhammad taught that pork was forbidden, and he taught followers to pray facing Jerusalem.
However, the Jews and Christians rejected his message, and he became hostile towards them. He received revelation denouncing the Christians and Jews for rejecting his message Surah 5: Muhammad chastised Jews and Christians for distorting previous revelation and called them to return to the true teachings of scripture Surah 5: After winning control over Mecca and Arabia, Muhammad received a revelation to fight against the Jews and Christians until they accepted paying taxes and living as second-class citizens Surah 9: Muhammad taught that Jews and Christians rejected his message due to their perversion and rebellion to the truth.
Therefore, Muhammad announced that the Jews and Christians were accursed Surah 5: The cross was thought to be a curse and therefore not fitting for a prophet such as Jesus. The Quran asserts elsewhere that Jesus only appeared to die, resulting in some claims that another perhaps even Judas Iscariot took his place on the cross.
And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself Quran 4: Islam, in its teachings on Jesus, affirms some points of Christian revelation but not others. The beginnings of Islam in the seventh century coincide with the influence of Christian belief and practice.
The Christian belief in the divinity of Jesus and God as a trinity of persons matches neither what Islam believes about Jesus nor what it believes about God.
For Islam, belief in Jesus as other than a prophet takes away from the greatness of Allah. Jesus is not consubstantial with God; he was a man created in time.