lower marks for that section. Principles of marking the commentary questions .. his relationship with the Arcadian king and his son, Pallas. •. Aeneas' reaction to the stories that Evander tells him about Hercules (i.e. as indirect comment about. The father-son relationship is very important for the Aeneid, more than any other Mezentius-Lausus, Evander-Pallas; you could even say that Aeneas-Pallas functions as a form of surrogate father-son relationship. Questions About Family. Jupiter's speech is concerned with the larger issues of the Trojan destiny and the . in a long term relationship that would see Aeneas focused more on Carthage Aeneas would not want to mention to Evander/Pallas), see Thomas, , p.
The brief vignette of Atlas — now a mountain, however much he still retains the visage of an old man — introduces yet another level of complication to the depiction of Mercury. He is, after all, the grandson of a key player in the gigantomachy; he is a descendant of cosmic rebellion Mercury is like a bird as he takes his winged way to Carthage avi similis Mercury is the Cyllenian offspring, coming from his maternal grandfather materno veniens ab avo Cyllenia proles ; he is associated with obedience to the Jovian order in the wake of rebellion, being himself the product of a blended family, as it were Atlas and Jupiter — and he has connection to the realm of the dead and the fate of the soul post mortem.
Evander & Pallas’ Relationship
His blended nature can perhaps be seen, too, in the seemingly conflicting nature of his missions; the god who had secured Phoenician peace and welcome for the Trojan guests in Africa will now help to set in motion the chain of events that will result in nothing less than the enmity between Carthage and Rome. The god, too, draws something of a connection between what Aeneas is doing and a signal quality of the goddess Venus; he is building a beautiful city because of his de facto if not de iure!
The adjective is both proleptic and revelatory of the very nature of the Phoenicians that needed to be soothed by Mercury in the first place, the ferocia corda 1. The scene is not dissimilar to that found at the end of Book 5 in the Palinurus sequence; Aeneas is at rest despite the trouble afoot for another character on center stage, as it were.
At this moment, Mercury makes his third appearance in the poem, this time in a dream apparition That vision, however, repays close study in comparison to the present dream.
Lethaeum ad fluvium: Mercury in the Aeneid
The two addresses of the god or, at least, of the god and the dream that is similar to him in all respects are of almost equal length; in the former instance, however, while the god asserts that he is bringing the commands of his father Jupiter ipse haec ferre iubet celeres mandata per aurasthere is no actual imperative in his address.
And, further, the god departs in the very midst of his speech mortales visus medio sermone reliquit. Jupiter had urged his messenger to call on the west wind to speed his flight to Aeneas voca Zephyros ; now the divine herald or, at least, his dream-like avatar asks if Aeneas does not hear how a favorable west wind beckons to him demens, nec Zephyros audis spirare secundos?
This time, the dream vision utters a clear enough imperative; Aeneas is to brook no delay in departing from Carthage heia, age, rumpe moras. In a nice touch, the dream departs into the black night … nocti … atraewhere the color adjective serves to foreshadow the imminent suicide of Dido. The threat is that Dido will seek to fire the Trojan fleet; indeed, this is actually what she wishes to do when she realizes the Trojans are leaving cf. But the prediction also looks to the opening of Book 5 and the flames whose cause is hidden from Aeneas and his men: On the similar scene with Turnus and Iris at 9.
The dream apparition was mysterious; Aeneas is therefore cautious in the identification of the deity. He does, however, note that this is the second divine visit in the matter of a departure from Carthage iterum.
Aeneas notes that he and his men will follow the imperium of the god, whoever he is; the term can be associated with Jovian edicts The question of what exactly is being forgotten becomes clear only when we arrive at the last mention of the god in the epic — a mention that is not so obscure, but of great import to the forward movement of the epic.
Put another way, first we learn of the geographical feature of the underworld; then we learn what happens at the river in brief, as it were introductory comment; lastly Lethe comes as the climactic detail of the subsequent longer discourse on what exactly happens in the matter of the souls destined for rebirth 57 Consider here some of the arguments of Seider,p. And if Mercury is the mysterious deus responsible for leading souls to Lethe, then in the immediate context he is, in an important sense, the god responsible for escorting souls into the Roman future.
The scene is Italy, indeed so close to the future site of Rome; the interlocutors are Aeneas and Evander.
Aeneas details something of a Pleiadic genealogy that links the Trojan and the Arcadian: Dardanus, Iliacae primus pater urbis et auctor, Electra, ut Grai perhibent, Atlantide cretus, advehitur Teucros; Electram maximus Atlas edidit, aetherios humero qui sustinet orbes. Another connection can be Aeneas is a descendant of Dardanus; the storied Trojan progenitor is one of the shades of magnanimi heroes in the Virgilian underworld 6. Dardanus was the father of Erichthonius, who was the father of Tros, whose son, Ilus, was the father of Laomedon, the parent of Priam; Aeneas was a nephew of Laomedon and thus a cousin of Priam.
In an interesting detail, Aeneas notes that he has come himself, in person, and not through emissaries 8. Thomas in VE I, ; Harrison ad In Book 8, in Italy, he is named again, though his days of active service in the drama of the epic would seem to be over; Aeneas mentions him to Evander as part of an evocation of Dardanus lore.
Identifying specific motifs such as this one is very challenging and can be a very daunting task. Therefore, this guide will teach you, step by step, how to identify relationships between characters in The Aeneid and help you determine whether these relationships are significant to the poem as a whole.
Edit Before you do anything, you should try to identify phrases that you come across regularly over a period of reading. Farell clearly establishes this in the beginning of his article and uses it as a base to further his argument. The bottom line is that if you feel like you read the same word multiple times, keep your eyes peeled because something may be astray.
Edit If you believe there may be an underlying theme, or clearly recognize a recurrence of words, the next step is to trying to look for multiple characters being describes by those words. We have pateris Anchisae and pater Aeneas Edit The key here is to make sure you understand what the recurring words and phrases you found mean. This is the step where you begin to draw your own conclusions about the text.
Evander & Pallas’ Relationship |
Be sure to examine how these characters interact with each other, and with other people. Using Book 5, we see that both Anchises and Aeneas are described as fathers.
Both are real fathers, however we must ask how are they both fathers? Are they both really fathers? He examines the fact that this role is cast upon Aeneas now this is own father is dead and whether Aeneas has embraced this role or not. Edit It is worth noting that this step is optional, but at the same time can be very important.
For example, lets take Palinurus. Yet, Palinurus is a leader in his own way because he navigates the fleet and guides his companions accordingly. This is important because it can draw out truly outlying themes in the story as opposed to a simple connection between two people.
The purpose of this step is to understand the conflicts of the story and the story itself. By attaining an understanding of what is going on, you will be able to completely make a distinction by connecting your understanding of the characters and their conflicts.
Palinurus, a father, ends up dying, and therefore, Aeneas must navigate the sea with his own knowledge and leadership. Farell also effectively brought the motif out to Vergil himself. These kinds of conclusions allow you to discover and think about possible motifs.