Electromagnetic radiation and frequency relationship

Electromagnetic Radiation

electromagnetic radiation and frequency relationship

This is actually the speed that all electromagnetic radiation travels - not just visible There is a simple relationship between the wavelength and frequency of a. Visible light is a particular form of electromagnetic (EM) radiation; Other Note the inverse relationship between frequency and wavelength. Electromagnetic radiation is a form of energy that includes radio waves, Frequency is the number of waves that form in a given length of time.

electromagnetic radiation and frequency relationship

In a similar way, if electrons are used instead of light, electrons will be represented both as waves and particles. As a wave, it is represented by velocity, wavelength, and frequency.

Light is an EM wave since the speed of EM waves is the same as the speed of light. As a particle, EM is represented as a photon, which transports energy. When a photon is absorbed, the electron can be moved up or down an energy level. When it moves up, it absorbs energy, when it moves down, energy is released.

electromagnetic radiation and frequency relationship

Thus, since each atom has its own distinct set of energy levels, each element emits and absorbs different frequencies. Photons with higher energies produce shorter wavelengths and photons with lower energies produce longer wavelengths.

Electromagnetic Radiation

Photon Before and After Emission Ionizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation Electromagnetic Radiation is also categorized into two groups based, ionizing and non-ionizing, on the severity of the radiation.

Ionizing radiation holds a great amount of energy to remove electrons and cause the matter to become ionized. Thus, higher frequency waves such as the X-rays and gamma-rays have ionizing radiation.

However, lower frequency waves such as radio waves, do not have ionizing radiation and are grouped as non-ionizing. Electromagnetic Radiation and Temperature Electromagnetic radiation released is related to the temperature of the body.

Stephan-Boltzmann Law says that if this body is a black body, one which perfectly absorbs and emits radiation, the radiation released is equal to the temperature raised to the fourth power.

  • Electromagnetic spectrum
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  • Electromagnetic radiation

Therefore, as temperature increases, the amount of radiation released increases greatly. Objects that release radiation very well also absorb radiation at certain wavelengths very well.

Electromagnetic Radiation - Chemistry LibreTexts

Wavelengths are also related to temperature. As the temperature increases, the wavelength of maximum emission decreases. Problems What is the wavelength of a wave with a frequency of 4.

What is the frequency of a wave with a wavelength of cm? What is the frequency of a wave with a wavelength of pm? However, inScottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell developed a unified theory of electromagnetism. The study of electromagnetism deals with how electrically charged particles interact with each other and with magnetic fields.

There are four main electromagnetic interactions: The force of attraction or repulsion between electric charges is inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them.

Magnetic poles come in pairs that attract and repel each other, much as electric charges do. An electric current in a wire produces a magnetic field whose direction depends on the direction of the current. A moving electric field produces a magnetic field, and vice versa.

electromagnetic radiation and frequency relationship

Maxwell also developed a set of formulas, called Maxwell's equations, to describe these phenomena. Waves and fields EM radiation is created when an atomic particle, such as an electron, is accelerated by an electric field, causing it to move. The movement produces oscillating electric and magnetic fields, which travel at right angles to each other in a bundle of light energy called a photon.

Photons travel in harmonic waves at the fastest speed possible in the universe: The waves have certain characteristics, given as frequency, wavelength or energy.

Electromagnetic waves are formed when an electric field shown in red arrows couples with a magnetic field shown in blue arrows. Magnetic and electric fields of an electromagnetic wave are perpendicular to each other and to the direction of the wave.

A wavelength is the distance between two consecutive peaks of a wave. This distance is given in meters m or fractions thereof. Frequency is the number of waves that form in a given length of time. It is usually measured as the number of wave cycles per second, or hertz Hz. Similarly, a longer wavelength has a lower frequency because each cycle takes longer to complete. The EM spectrum EM radiation spans an enormous range of wavelengths and frequencies.

This range is known as the electromagnetic spectrum.

electromagnetic radiation and frequency relationship

The EM spectrum is generally divided into seven regions, in order of decreasing wavelength and increasing energy and frequency. The common designations are: