What is the doctrine of ethos
Western music has its roots in antiquity, especially in ancient Greek . We know about Greek musical thought through two kinds of writings: Philosophical doctrines that describe music's place in the cosmos, its effects, and its Pythagoras and his followers recognized the numerical relationships that Music and ethos. The Doctrine of Ethos music should be strictly controlled--some instruments and songs were banned as part of his ideal republic. Aristotle. thought music was worth pursuing for the sake of understanding art, but did not to knowledge as they were the study of numbers and their relationship to the physical world-- music. Doctrine Of Ethos. Music in Ancient Greece ethos. • Thought Virtue was simple, therefore was portrayed by simple music soul for the education of its virtue.”.
Western music also has roots in antiquity, from concepts such as notes, intervals, and scales to ideas about how music affects emotions and character. The strongest direct influence comes through Greek writings, which became the foundation for European views of music.
The influence of ancient music itself is more difficult to trace. Little notated music survived, and few if any European musicians before the sixteenth century could read the ancient notation.
Yet some musical practices continued, passed down through oral tradition. These echoes of ancient music in the European tradition are reason enough to begin our survey by examining the roles of music in ancient cultures, the links between ancient practices and those of later centuries, and the debt Western music owes to ancient Greece.
Starting with ancient music also lets us consider how we can learn about music of the past. Music is sound, and sound is by its nature impermanent. What remains of the music from past eras are its historical traces, which we can divide into four main types: Using these traces, we can try to reconstruct what music of a past culture was like, recognizing that our understanding will always be partial and will be influenced by our own values and concerns.
We are most confident of success when we have all four types of evidence in abundance.
But for ancient music, relatively little remains. Even for Greece, by far the best-documented ancient musical tradition, we have only a small portion of the instruments, images, writings, and music that once existed.
For other cultures we have no music at all. By examining what traces survive and what we can conclude from them, we can explore how each type of evidence contributes to our understanding of music of the past.
Only historical traces of the music from past eras survive.
Physical objects, such as musical instruments Visual images of musicians and instruments Writings about music and musicians Music as preserved in notation Ancient Greek music influenced Western music. The ancient Greeks left more surviving evidence than other ancient cultures. Western music has its roots in antiquity, especially in ancient Greek theoretical writings.
Prehistoric Music-Making Before 36, B. Images in Turkish cave paintings show drummers accompanying dancers and driving out game. Surviving Bronze Age metal instruments include bells, cymbals, rattles, and horns.
Stone carvings show plucked stringed instruments. Pictures show music-making with instruments. Surviving instruments include lyres and harps. Lyres see HWM Figures 1. A crossbar supported by two arms secures the strings. The number of strings varies. Harps Strings are perpendicular to the soundboard.
Full text of "(The) ethos of music in ancient Greek education ."
A neck attached to the soundbox secures the strings. Other instruments from the period include lutes, pipes, drums, bells, and other percussion instruments. The ruling class left the most evidence because they could buy instruments and hire scribes. Most uses of music in ancient Mesopotamia were similar to those of today.
For rituals, including weddings and funerals In daily life, including nursery songs, work songs, and dance music For entertainment at feasts For religious ceremonies and processions Epics sung with instrumental accompaniment Written documentation from Mesopotamia Word lists from ca.
The earliest known composer is Enheduanna fl. She was a high priestess at Ur. She composed hymns songs to a god to the god and goddess of the moon. Only the texts of her hymns survive. Babylonian musicians began writing about music ca. Instructions for tuning a string instrument using a seven-note diatonic scale playable on the white keys of a piano Interval theory, with names of intervals used to create the earliest known notation see HWM Figure 1.
Not enough is known about the notation to transcribe it. The poem seems to be a hymn to the wife of the moon god, but the language Hurrian cannot be translated entirely. Although Babylonians had a form of notation, musicians most likely performed from memory, improvised, or used notation as a recipe for reconstructing a melody. Babylonian music theory seems to have influenced later Greek theory. Other Civilizations Instruments, images, and writings about East Asian musical cultures survive, but they seem not to have influenced Greek or European music.
Egyptian sources include artifacts, paintings, and hieroglyphic writings in tombs, but scholars have not been able to determine whether there is any notated music. The Bible describes ancient musical practices in Israel which in turn influenced Christian musicbut ancient copies of the Bible may not have any notation.
Instruments and Their Uses Evidence of Greek instruments survives in writings, archaeological remains, and hundreds of images on pots.
Aulos see HWM Figure 1. Pitch could be changed by position in the mouth, air pressure, and fingering. Images show the two pipes being fingered the same, but they could produce octaves, parallel fifths or fourths, drone, and unisons. The aulos was used in the worship of Dionysus. Dionysus was the god of fertility and wine, hence the drinking scene in HWM Figure 1. The aulos accompanied or alternated with choruses in the great tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides that were written for Dionysian festivals.
The lyre see HWM Figure 1.
Greek Doctrine Of Ethos
The player held the instrument in front, supporting it on the hip and from a strap around the left wrist. Both hands were free to touch the strings. Greek Doctrine of Ethos Thesis Statement The ancient Greek 'doctrine of Ethos' encouraged a great change in the previous methods of music instruction.
The doctrine is still relevant today. Introduction The doctrine explored the influence of sound on human behavior, character, emotion and moral. The doctrine arranged music into separate scales that were stated to have specific influences on human behavior.
Some evoked feelings of happiness, some sorrow, some rage, some mental concentration, some lethargy, and some other emotions.
The doctrine incited the exploration of sound vibrations on the human condition and new identifications of harmony. This was the beginning of western scales and chord progressions. The Doctrine of Ethos specifically talked about incorporating non-instrumental components into music and its effect on the mind and soul Preview, Discussion Greek Doctrine of Ethos is still relevant today for many reasons. Therefore, says Aristotle, someone who listens to the wrong kind of music will grow up to be a bad person, and vice-versa.
The Ancient, For some composers the "union" of words and music may lay primarily in the search for a "correct rhythmic declamation of the text.