While heavily lopsided — Russia's economy is about one-tenth the size of China's — the countries' economic relationship is critical for both. political relations, trade and economic ties, the military-political field and the . Table 1 indicates the recent role of China and Russia in the world trade system a. 'Serious' rivalry still drives China-Russia relations despite improving ties Beijing's economic and commercial activities in Moscow's backyard.
China's rolling-stock maker CRRC Corporation, the world's largest railway equipment supplier, showcased scale models of its bullet trains at the expo.
Zhang Guangquan, a marketing manager of a CRRC subsidiary, said Chinese bullet trains will operate normally in Russia's harsh winter as their capabilities have been proven in China's similarly cold northeastern provinces. Changan Automobile Company, a Chinese car manufacturer, established a plant in Russia's Lipetsk region at the end of Operating revenue was about 2 billion rubles 32 million U.
We expect a percent increase this year," said Tan Peng, general manager of Changan's Russian branch. Delegations from 23 federal subjects of Russia participated in the expo.
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Andrei Pereskokov, minister of industry of Russia's Kirov Region, said government officials of his region have visited various exhibitions in China to seek business opportunities. He said Kirov is ready to offer tax breaks to attract investors in deep processing of timber and manufacturing of high-tech civilian products. We are discussing various projects. I think at least some of them will turn into concrete working projects that will benefit both Chinese partners and Kirov," Pereskokov said.
China's leading home appliance maker Haier began building an industrial park in Russia's Republic of Tatarstan in May. It plans to invest 1 billion dollars and set up production lines for washing machines, refrigerators, water heaters and TV sets. We are waiting for them. Facing disputes with Western countries, Russia may increase imports of machinery and electronic products from China, which needs Russia's energy, grain and timber, said Liu, whose company entered the Russian market in Chinese and Russian economies are highly complementary and transportation routes, once upgraded, will make logistics between the two neighbors more efficient, he said.
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- Sino-Russian relations since 1991
The move away from the dollar seems justified in terms of reducing exchange rate risks. The rate of de-dollarization chosen by the countries is due to the rapid growth of the RMB's share in international payments and settlements Oct. In China initiated the creation of the economic zone - the "New silk road".
This project is designed primarily to strengthen economic ties and cooperation, attract investors from Asia and other parts of the world to actively participate in the creation of the "silk road economic belt of the XXI century". An important role in the financing of these projects should be played by the creation of the AIIB, to which Russia is a party.
In recent years, China and Russia have stepped up cooperation in the construction of cross-border infrastructure.
New Eurasian transport routes are being built: In northeast China and the Russian far East, both countries are actively promoting the construction of bridges, ports and other projects. The countries should take advantage of a unique opportunity, and by combining the development programs of the two States, to achieve joint development and prosperity.
It is the creation of the EAEU that will serve as an important platform for multilateral cooperation in the region, as all participants are good neighbors and partners of Russia, as well as traditional partners of China. Russia is interested in creating a free trade zone of the EAEU and China, as well as the use of the national currency in this region.
China's fast-growing economy places increasing pressure on itself to secure energy imports, while Russia's economy is largely driven by the demand for the export of natural resources.
Xinhua Headlines: China-Russia economic partnership poised to expand
China became a petroleum importer for the first time inhad become the world's second-largest oil consuming country as ofand the world's largest overall energy consumer as of The group also forecast that natural gas consumption would rise History[ edit ] The official relationship between the People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation has been upgraded three times since the establishment of diplomatic relations in The project stalled in Octoberwhen Yukos chief executive Mikhail Khodorkovsky was arrested on charges including tax evasion and fraud, and the Russian government launched an immediate investigation into the company.
Khodorkovsky had been a vocal opponent of President Putin. Khodorkovsky's arrest, China Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zhang Qiyue publicly announced that the Kremlin investigation would not impact the proposed China-Russia oil pipeline project.
The Kremlin had begun auctioning off the troubled company's operating assets a month prior in August. This financing was reportedly secured by long-term oil delivery contracts between Rosneft and the CNPC. The Foreign Ministry could not confirm whether there were any "loans" involved, ministry spokesman Kong Quan said.
In the same month, CNPC agreed to a set of principles establishing future joint ventures with Rosneft. Two years prior, Gazprom acknowledged in an annual shareholder report a plan for supplying natural gas to China. Two routes, roughly equal in capacity, would be constructed, with a total volume of 68 billion cubic meters of gas per annum.
An Altai pipeline would link West Siberian fields with the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in western China, while the eastern pipeline would run from Yakutia into northeastern China. Since then, however, its rate of growth and more sustainable energy profile compared to oil inevitably led to a surge in Chinese natural gas imports.
In Septemberthe Russian Federation Industry and Energy Ministry approved a development plan for an integrated gas production, transportation, and supply system in Eastern Siberia and the Far East, taking into account potential gas exports to China and other Asia-Pacific countries. Russian policymakers, however, have expressed reserve about increased Chinese influence in the energy sector.
Xinhua Headlines: China-Russia economic partnership poised to expand - Xinhua | angelfirenm.info
Growing Chinese investment is speculated to be about more than energy security for China. Chinese news agency Xinhua reported in that many Chinese enterprises believe the Russian market will allow them to become truly global.
In an interview with China Central TV on the day of Hu's arrival in Russia, Medvedev cited the high-level exchanges and other bilateral achievements in what both governments refer to as their "strategic partnership" as evidence of what he called "the highest level of ties in the history of Russian-Chinese relations. The Russian government explicitly affirmed that Tibet along with Taiwan are "inalienable parts of the Chinese territory", while the Chinese supported "Russia's efforts in maintaining peace and stability in the region of Caucasus.
Construction of the Western Siberian Altai pipelinewhich could deliver over 30 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually to China, was supposed to begin in A senior Gazprom official observed, "As soon as there is a price, we will start the construction, but this is a complicated issue.Russia and China in 7-day joint military exercises
Stretching from Russia's Skovorodino station to China's Mohe station, it was the first pipeline ever built between China and Russia. From the Kazakh riots  to endless environmental concerns,    but most recently the capsizing of an oil platform that was allowed to operate in the north late in the season and was being towed under adverse maritime conditions.
The Sakhalin-I project, operated by Exxon Neftegas Limited ENLhas estimated potential recoverable reserves are estimated at million tons of oil 2.
The project had been placed permanently on hold by environmental regulators, but moved forward after the sale. Industry sources speculated that "some in Russia hope to sell China gas from Sakhalin-2's or other facilities' future LNG holdings now that it has mastered the technology". Under the deal, Sakhalin-1 could sell up to 10 billion cubic meters of gas to China over 20 years by pipeline.
The plan met strong opposition from Gazprom, which has a rival pipeline project and controls all Russian gas exports apart from sales through PSAs such as Sakhalin Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the territories have been going through a deep crisis. The former model of their development is inapplicable; a new model is yet to be devised and implemented.
Meanwhile, the vast region has been going through depopulation, deindustrialization, and general degradation.
The quality of Moscow's statesmanship will be tested by whether it can rise up to the challenge in the East.