Caesar Quotes (33 quotes)
Octavius, later known as Augustus, was only about 18 when Julius died. Julius was his maternal great uncle and was assassinated in 44 B.C. "Alea iacta est" (The die is cast) ~Julius Caesar Latin Quotes .. Caesar and his relationships with historical figures of his day 10th Grade English, High School. What this the relationship between Julius Caesar and his adopted heir Augustus, the first emperor of Rome?.
The best-preserved copy of the latter document is on the walls of the Temple of Rome and Augustus at AnkaraTurkey the Monumentum Ancyranum. In 14 ce Tiberius was due to leave for Illyricum but was recalled by the news that Augustus was gravely ill. He died on August 19, and on September 17 the Senate enrolled him among the gods of the Roman state. Agrippa Postumuswho had been named his coheir but was later banished, was put to death.
The order to kill him may already have been given by Augustus, but this is not certain. AtilimGunesBaydin Personality and achievement Augustus was one of the great administrative geniuses of history. The gigantic work of reorganization that he carried out in every field of Roman life and throughout the entire empire not only transformed the decaying republic into a new, monarchic regime with many centuries of life ahead of it but also created a durable Roman peacebased on easy communications and flourishing trade.
It was this Pax Romana that ensured the survival and eventual transmission of the classical heritage, Greek and Roman alike, and provided the means for the diffusion of Judaism and Christianity. Although his regime was an autocracy, Augustus, being a tactful and imaginative master of propaganda of many kinds, knew how to cloak that autocracy in traditionalist forms that would satisfy a war-worn generation—perhaps, most of all, the upper bourgeoisie immediately below the leading nobility, since it was they who benefited from the new order more than anyone.
He was also able to win the approbationthrough the patronage of Maecenasof some of the greatest writers the world has ever known, including VirgilHoraceand Livy.
AugustusAugustus, statue in Rome. This was in contrast to the views of Antony and Cleopatra, who had envisaged some sort of Greco-Roman partnership such as began to prevail only three or four centuries later. These were also partly responsible for his patriotic, antiquarian attachment to the ancient religion and for his puritanical social policy. Augustus was a cultured man, the author of a number of works all lost: The conventional view of his character distinguishes between his cruelty in early years and his mildness in later life.
But there was not so much need for cruelty later on, and, when it was needed notably in the suppression of alleged plotshe was still ready to apply it. It is probable that nothing short of this degree of political ruthlessness could have achieved such enormous results.
His domestic life, however, was simple and homespun. Within his family, the successive deaths of those he had earmarked as his successors or helpers caused him much sadness and disappointment. His devotion to his wife Livia Drusilla remained constant, though, like other Romans, he was unfaithful. His surviving letters show kindliness to his relations. Yet he exiled his daughter Julia for offending against his public moral attitudes, and he exiled her daughter by Agrippa for the same reason; he also exiled the son of Agrippa and Julia, Agrippa Postumus, though the suspicion that he later had him killed is unproved.
He needed them because the burden was so heavy, and he especially needed them in the military sphere because he was not a great commander. In Agrippa and Tiberius and a number of others, he had men who supplied this deficiency, and although, on his deathbed, he is said to have advised against the further expansion of the empire, he himself, with their assistance, had expanded its frontiers in many directions.
His physical condition was subject to a host of ills and weaknesses, many of them recurrent. His appearance is described by the biographer Suetonius: He was unusually handsome and exceedingly graceful at all periods of his life, though he cared nothing for personal adornment. His expression, whether in conversation or when he was silent, was calm and mild. His teeth were wide apart, small and ill-kept; his hair was slightly curly and inclining to golden; his eyebrows met. He was short of stature, but this was concealed by the fine proportion and symmetry of his figure, and was noticeable only by comparison with some taller person standing beside him.
The contemporary portrait busts of Augustus, echoed on his coinsformed part of a significant renaissance of the arts in which Italic and Hellenic styles were discreetly and brilliantly blended. The altar was dedicated by the Senate and people of Rome in 13 bce to commemorate the pacification of Gaul and Spain. The architectural masterpieces of the time were also numerous; and something of their monumental grandeur and classical purity can be seen today at Rome in the remains of the Theatre of Marcellus and of the massive Forum of Augustus, flanked by colonnades and culminating in the Temple of Mars the Avenger—the Avenger of Julius Caesar.
Outside Rome, too, there are abundant memorials of the Augustan Age ; on either side of the Alps, for example, there are monuments to celebrate the submission and loyalty of the local tribes, an elegant arch at Segusio Susaand a square stone trophy, topped by a cylindrical drumat La Turbie.Why Stab Julius Caesar? - Cool History
One of the rooms is adorned with wall paintings representing an enchanted garden ; beyond a trellis are orchards and flower beds, in which birds and insects perch among the foliage. Augustus himself had no interest in personal luxury.
Yet if ever he or his associates had any spare time, such were the rooms in which they spent it. Roman citizens adopted into a new family usually retained their old nomen in cognomen form e. However, though some of his contemporaries did,  there is no evidence that Octavius ever himself officially used the name Octavianus, as it would have made his modest origins too obvious.
Realm of History
They had been granted a general amnesty on 17 March, yet Antony had succeeded in driving most of them out of Rome with an inflammatory eulogy at Caesar's funeral, mounting public opinion against the assassins. Mark Antony had lost the support of many Romans and supporters of Caesar when he initially opposed the motion to elevate Caesar to divine status. During the summer, he managed to win support from Caesarian sympathizers and also made common with the Optimatesthe former enemies of Caesar, who saw him as the lesser evil and hoped to manipulate him.
Antony besieged him at Mutina  and rejected the resolutions passed by the Senate to stop the fighting. The Senate had no army to enforce their resolutions. This provided an opportunity for Octavian, who already was known to have armed forces.
Both consuls were killed, however, leaving Octavian in sole command of their armies. However, the sources agree that enacting the proscriptions was a means by all three factions to eliminate political enemies. For example, Octavian allowed the proscription of his ally Cicero, Antony the proscription of his maternal uncle Lucius Julius Caesar the consul of 64 BCand Lepidus his brother Paullus. Octavian was able to further his cause by emphasizing the fact that he was Divi filius"Son of the Divine".
Mark Antony later used the examples of these battles as a means to belittle Octavian, as both battles were decisively won with the use of Antony's forces. Gaul and the province of Hispania were placed in the hands of Octavian. Lepidus was left with the province of Africastymied by Antony, who conceded Hispania to Octavian instead.
The tens of thousands who had fought on the republican side with Brutus and Cassius could easily ally with a political opponent of Octavian if not appeased, and they also required land.
Livia, nostri coniugii memor vive, ac vale! Goodbye, Livia; remember our marriage! Said to his wife Livia on his deathbed; in SuetoniusDivus Augustus, paragraph Res Gestae Divi Augusti[ edit ] Res Gestae Divi Augusti as translated in Loeb Library edition At the age of nineteen, on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an army by means of which I restored liberty to the republic, which had been oppressed by the tyranny of a faction.
For which service the senate, with complimentary resolutions, enrolled me in its order Referring to the faction of Marcus Antonius. Those who slew my father I drove into exile, punishing their deed by due process of lawand afterwards when they waged war upon the republic I twice defeated them in battle.
Wars, both civil and foreign, I undertook throughout the world, on sea and land, and when victorious I spared all citizens who sued for pardon. The foreign nations which could with safety be pardoned I preferred to save rather than to destroy.
I declined to be made Pontifex Maximus in succession to a colleague still living, when the people tendered me that priesthood which my father had held. Several years later I accepted that sacred office when he at last was dead who, taking advantage of a time of civil disturbance, had seized it for himself, such a multitude from all Italy assembling for my election, in the consulship of Publius Sulpicius and Gaius Valgius, as is never recorded to have been in Rome before.
Iuravit in mea verba tota Italia. Translation by Thomas Bushnell About Augustus[ edit ] He could boast that he inherited it brick and left it marble.
He [ Julius Caesar ] learned that Alexanderhaving completed nearly all his conquests by the time he was thirty-two years old, was at an utter loss to know what he should do during the rest of his life, whereat Augustus expressed his surprise that Alexander did not regard it as a greater task to set in order the empire which he had won than to win it.
Augustus - Wikiquote
Plutarch He could not even stand up to review his fleet when the ships were already at their fighting stations, but lay on his back and gazed up at the sky, never rising to show that he was alive until Marcus Agrippa had routed the enemy. Postquam bis classe victus naves perdidit, Aliquando ut vincat, ludit assidue aleam. He took a beating twice at sea, And threw two fleets away. So now to achieve one victory, He tosses dice all day.