The Odyssey Pronunciation Guide - PDF
Study Guide for Quiz 8 In Odyssey 6, Odysseus meets the young and the young and charming Nausicaa, daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete. Name three other couples in the poem that are compared to Odysseus and Penelope. marriage. Amphinomus sometimes speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but he is The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. . Some of the tests in Odysseus's long, wandering ordeal seem to. He gets close to Arete and Alcinous, the queen and the king and grabs the queen's knees. I don't think it can be purely for the guest friend relationship. She then starts to quiz him on more and more intimate details that.
Arete (mythology) | Revolvy
Friday 28 August From today's class: Continue assessing how Homer carves out the particular story he is telling in the Iliad from the whole background of traditional stories connected to the Trojan War. What does he do to orient his audience within the overall context of the war? How does he relate particular concerns of his present story to other, farther-flung mythological stories and concerns? How does the broad context he recalls to his listeners' minds add significance to his tale?
How do differentials of power in relationships between individuals, and between individuals and groups, affect the understandings each party brings to their interactions and the ways they interact? We've analyzed a particular lineup of power-relationships in the crisis that generates the action of the Iliad: What considerations does Homer introduce towards evaluating Helen and her role in generating the Trojan War: How do other characters evaluate her?
How do these evaluations suggest to an audience she might be evaluated, on a broader perspective? How do the emotions Helen displays relate to these various judgments about her actions? Review what we've seen of Diomedes before Book 5, and compare and contrast his behavior there.
What sort of character is he, as a warrior? How does he conduct his relationships with other warriors, Greek and Trojan? What criteria determine how he treats each other person? How does he conduct his relationships with the gods?
What principles seem to govern how the gods involve themselves with humans fighting? Trace who does what, on what basis. What consequences do the gods experience for their actions? How does each dialogue help to portray his character in relationship to Troy as a whole? Extend your assessment of Helen, as Homer treats her in the Iliad, by comparing and contrasting Helen with other women's roles in the Iliad, especially in connection with war, and by comparing and contrasting women's and men's capacities for action in the context of war: How does what women can do make their perspective on war different from men's perspective?
How do Helen's words and actions, and women's fate in war generally exemplified especially by Andromacherelate to human mortality generally? Compare and contrast what Priam and the other Trojan elders say about Helen with the judgment implicit in how Priam and Hector treat her. To what extent do they blame her for the war? To what extent does it matter? Explain how your answer relates to Iliadic attitudes to human mortality generally. What is at stake when Diomedes and Glaucus meet one another on the field of battle?
What ideas about Iliadic society and its "rules", about material goods, and about mythological "history" in epic, does this episode illustrate? Why do they matter? Where else do you see similar ideas working in the Iliad?
How are the pairs matched up? What is at stake when they meet? What do they do when they fight? Compare and contrast how the gods involve themselves with the fighting in Books 7 and 8 with their previous engagement.
How do they take sides? What forces limit their capacity for direct action? What other capacities for intervention do they use? Wednesday 2 September From today's class: How does Homer modulate the way he handles repeating events, such as deaths in battle or type-scenes like Be ready to analyze specific examples and show how repetition and variation both help characterize individual episodes.
Trace the array of ways gods intervene in human action, especially but not exclusively on the battlefield, and be able to identify and explain good examples of each.
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To what extent do the gods truly change things within human experience? When do they seem rather to be giving Homer a way to make traits and tendencies of his human characters more narratable? What does the gods' involvement imply about the world-view of Homeric epic? Trace how Zeus's will articulates the "Unfinished Battle" of Book 8. How do his intentions play out structurally in Homer's narrative? How does his will work within the "politics" of divine relationships: Who overcomes, and how?
Compare and contrast what Agamamenon tells the Greek leaders he will offer, while they are deciding to send an "embassy" to Achilles, with what Odysseus, Phoenix, and Ajax actually say when they go.
How do they each elaborate or modify Agamemnon's message? How do they build on one another's speeches? How does Achilles respond? What does food matter in the world of the Iliad? What besides food seems to be at stake when food is eaten?
Start collecting patterns surrounding food and eating as you read, and look for how they build significance. Book 10 is thought by many scholars not to fit completely with the rest of the Iliad, because it connects with the surrounding narrative differently from other episodes of night-action and because it treats the Greeks and Trojans with a somewhat different tone.
Nevertheless, it has an ancient tradition, and opportunistic raiding was something the Iliad says its warriors did in off-hours from besieging Troy: What opportunities do the night and this expedition afford for this book to vary epic narration? How does the book extend the combatants' repertoire of exploits?
Friday 4 September From today's class: How does Homer use similes? How do they relate to his main narrative? What other ideas do they activate for his audience, and how? Identify specific passages that illustrate your observations, and explain how they operate. In what ways does Agamemnon's offer to return Briseis, together with additional compensation for having taken her away, answer the concerns Achilles expressed when he withdrew from fighting?
What does Agamemnon fail to address? In what ways do Odysseus, Phoenix, and Ajax follow leads set by Agamemnon's charge to them as ambassadors to Achilles: How do Odysseus, Phoenix, and Ajax try to make up for defects in Agamemnon's offer? What concerns remain unanswered? Note how repetition and variation in their speeches help build answers to these questions. Thetis has told Achilles he will either die young but gloriously at Troy, or live long but without glory at home: What does this conditional fate mean to Achilles?
How does Agamemnon's fighting style, highlighted in Book 11, contribute to characterizing him as an individual? How does his personal style, in encounters with fellow Greek warriors, carry over into his confrontations with enemies? Compare and contrast Nestor's various reminiscences with the Greeks' current fortunes in battle in Book 11; what is Nestor doing to Patroclus by telling him these things? What effect do Nestor's words have on Patroclus?
How do the Trojans advance and break into the Greek camp in Book 12? What forces operate in their success? Compare and contrast what Sarpedon remarks to Glaucus about wealth and power, mortality, and glory, with attitudes expressed elsewhere in the Iliad. Wednesday 9 September From today's class: How does the prowess of individual heroes relate to the fortunes of the group, as the third day of military action in the Iliad gets under way?
Compare and contrast to Fighting-Days 1 Books and 2 Book 8: How does the overall atmosphere of the fighting change: Identify good examples and be able to demonstrate how they operate. How does Nestor's personal history construct his authority for the other Greek warriors?
How do the particular circumstances in which he reminisces relate to the memory he revives? How do Nestor's memories contribute to the experience of the audience for whom the Iliad unfolds?
How does Book 12's prospective narrative of the future destruction of the Greek wall after the whole Greek war against Troy will have ended, well after the Iliad will have concluded its tale relate to the events the book goes on to relate?
What does this leap forward into time contribute to the sequential narrative? How does Poseidon intervene in the action of the fighting? Compare and contrast to other manifestations gods make to humans in the Iliad. How does Poseidon alter the current of the fighting? How does Hera intervene with Zeus in Book 14?
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How does she prepare, what does she do, and how does he respond? Compare and contrast to other moments when the Iliad touches on their relationship.
Friday 11 September From today's class: Trace what trends develop in the fighting on Battle-Day 3 of the Iliad: In addition to reading and annotating the text each night, you must do at least ONE of the following things: Answer the study guide questions. Make a bulleted list of five major events from EACH book in the reading.
Make a visual summary of two key events from the assigned reading. Include at least six boxes for EACH event. A caption or dialogue is required for each box. For detailed information, review the directions for the graphic element option from the F study guide. At the END of The Odyssey for the final homework assignment, you can use an online tool to chart the hero s journey for Odysseus. The link is posted on my web site and pasted below: If you cannot write in your text, use sticky notes to make your annotations.
When annotating leave your unique fingerprint on the page by marking SOME of the following: Personal responses annotation should include your opinions! Connections to other things you have studied allusion or experienced Unfamiliar words circle them and then look them up! Questions pose questions of the text for clarity or challenge the writer? Odysseus, Penelope, Telemachus Do their actions and speech fit the definition of a Greek hero? Do they fit YOUR contemporary definition of a hero?
Please answer the following questions as you read. Describe the setting of the opening scene first page. Where is Poseidon when the book opens? Why does Athena feel badly for Odysseus? How does Zeus feel about Odysseus? What does Athena say she will do to help Telemachus? What disguise does Athena take in Ithaca? How does Telemachus treat Athena disguised when she first enters Ithaca? What is the first prophecy of the book? What does the disguised Athena tell Telemachus to do the following morning?
Page 8 of 18 9 How does Athena leave that makes Telemachus aware that she s a goddess? How are the suitors described? Who are they, and who seems like the leader? Pick ONE of the categories in the table below. Then list specific examples that demonstrate it in Book 1. Use bullet points and e sure to include the page number and explanation for each example.
Follow the example offered below. Greek Values Gender Roles Contrasts Despite his own problems, Telemachus sees Mentes Athena in disguise waiting at the gate and immediately welcomes him, takes his spear, offers him a chair and a footstool.
Shortly after, a servant brings water for hand washing and another brings bread, another offerings of meat, and another wine. Describe Penelope s predicament; how has she delayed marrying one of the suitors and what Greek Values does she provide an example of? According to the suitors, how is Penelope different from other women? Describe how Halitherses and Eurymachus interpret this omen?
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What does this tell you about both characters? What does Mentor Athena in disguise say to the people of Ithaca about decency and order? Telemachus feels afraid to embark on his journey and stand up to the suitors in this chapter: What archetype is present in this scene? How is it being used? Page 10 of 18 11 Who is Euryclea and what is her relationship to Telemachus? Describe in what way Telemachus begins to become a man in this chapter, taking control of his father s house.
Page 11 of 18 12 Book What is going on in Nestor s kingdom when Telemachus arrives? How does Athena, disguised as Mentor, help Telemachus in Ch. For what does Nestor praise Telemachus?